Name ____________________________________ date ________________ period ____________
Bunsen Burner Lab
To familiarize you with the gas burner and to determine the hottest part of the flame.
The hottest part of the flame of a Bunsen burner is the
tip of the inner cone
. This type of flameis the one we desire to create in the lab setting. The process of gas burning requires oxygen. The more oxygenavailable in this process, the more complete the reaction of combustion. A yellow flame indicates incompletecombustion, which will produce large amounts of carbon monoxide or black soot on the glassware andequipment. In today’s lab you will create the “wrong” type of flame (yellow flame = incomplete combustion)using the Bunsen burner to compare it to the “right” type of flame (blue flame= complete combustion). Onedevice you will use to test these differences is a Thermocouple. When two different metals are placed incontact, a transfer of electrons from one metal to the other can take place. If a loop is made of two metals andtheir junctions are placed at different temperatures, a current will flow from the higher temperature to the lower temperature. The thermocouple is a wire made from two alloys that can measure very high temperatures. Oneend of the thermocouple will be placed in ice water to simulate 0 degrees Celsius. The other end of the wirewill be placed into various parts of the Bunsen burner flame.
1.Connect the Bunsen burner to a hose and connect to the gas jet. (The gas jets are in the “off” position if it is parallel to the faucet)2.Turn the gas jet to the “on” position, which is perpendicular to the faucet.3.Using the striker, create a spark that will ignite the gas on the Bunsen burner.4.the barrel of the burner will allow you to adjust the amount of oxygen allowed into the tube for combustion.5.adjust the barrel so that it creates a yellow/orange flame ( incomplete combustion)6.Hold an empty test tube with the test tube holders and gently wave the test tube in the yellow flame.7.Observe the black residue that forms on the tube and when cooled wipe it clean with a paper towel.8.Adjust the barrel of the tube, allowing more oxygen to enter the bottom of the barrel, creating a blueflame within a blue flame.( this is a more efficient means of combustion)9.Wave the test tube again in the blue flame and observe what occurs.10.Turn off the flame
at the gas jet
.11.Place a pin through the
of the match and suspend the match inside the
of the burner.12.Light the burner and observe that the match
does not ignite
.13.Slowly turn off the gas jet so that the
tip of the inner cone
, which is the hottest part of the flame,
restson the match, igniting the match.
14.Fill a beaker with ice and water and place the black end of the thermocouple in the water.15.Connect the thermocouple to channel 1 of the cbl II .16.Turn on the calculator. Press
.17.When the main screen appears press
to reset the program. The thermocouple shouldautomatically be detected when complete.18.Re-light the Bunsen burner and place the red end of the thermocouple into the different parts of theflame as shown in the diagram.19.Continue mapping the flame to determine the location of the highest temperature of the flame.20.Repeat step 18 with the air vents closed.21.Turn off the flame and discard the water in the sink.