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Table Of Contents

1.1 Summary
1.2 Production and Use
1.3 Sources of Exposure
1.4 Pharmacokinetics of Nickel
1.5 Summary of the Toxicity of Nickel Compounds
1.5.1 Summary of the Toxicity of Metallic Nickel
1.5.2 Summary of Nickel Metal Alloys
1.5.3 Summary of the Toxicity of Soluble Nickel
1.5.4 Summary of the Toxicity of Oxidic Nickel
1.5.5 Summary of the Toxicity of Sulfidic Nickel
1.5.6 Summary of the Toxicity of Nickel Carbonyl
1.6 Assessing the Risks of Workers Exposed to Nickel
1.7 Workplace Surveillance
1.8 Control Measures
1.9 Limit Values and Hazard Communication
2.2 Nickel-using Industries
3.1 Occupational Exposures
3.2 Non-occupational Exposures
3.3 Nickel Emissions
4.1 Intake
4.2 Absorption
4.2.1 Respiratory Tract Deposition, Absorption and Retention
4.2.2 Dermal Absorption
4.2.3 Gastrointestinal Absorption
4.5 Factors Affecting Metabolism
5.1 Metallic Nickel
5.1.1 Inhalation Exposure: Metallic Nickel
5.1.2 Dermal Exposure: Metallic Nickel
5.2 Nickel Alloys
5.2.1 Inhalation Exposure: Nickel Alloys
5.2.2 Dermal Exposure: Nickel Alloys
5.3 Soluble Nickel
5.3.1 Inhalation Exposure: Soluble Nickel
5.3.2 Dermal Exposure: Soluble Nickel
5.3.3 Other Exposures: Soluble Nickel
5.4 Oxidic Nickel
5.4.1 Inhalation Exposure: Oxidic Nickel
5.5 Sulfidic Nickel
5.5.1 Inhalation Exposure: Sulfidic Nickel
5.6 Nickel Carbonyl
5.6.1 Inhalation Exposure: Nickel Carbonyl
6.1 Determining The Population At Risk
6. Assessing The Risks Of Workers Exposed To Nickel
6.2 Identifying The Hazards
6.3 Assessing Exposures And Health Outcomes
6.3.1 Pre-Placement Assessment
6.3.2 Periodic Assessment
6.3.3 Biological Monitoring
6.3.3.2 Nickel in Blood
6.4 Developing Data Collection And Management Systems
6.5 Training
6.6 Benchmarking
7.1 Air Monitoring
7.1.1 Sampling Strategy
7.1.2 Monitoring Frequency
7.1.3 Equipment
7.1.4 Sampling Technique
7.1.5 Sample Analysis
7.1.6 Calculating Exposure Results
7.1.7 Determining Compliance
7.1.8 Employee Notification
7.1.9 Record-keeping
7.2 Carcinogenic Classifications
8.1 Engineering Controls
8.1.1 Exhaust Ventilation
8.1.2 Dilution Ventilation
8.2 Administrative Controls
8.3 Work Practice Controls
8.4.1.1 Respirator Selection
9.1 Exposure Limits
9.1.1 Australia
9.1.2 Canada
9.1.3 The European Union (EU)
9.1.3.1 United Kingdom (U.K.)
9.1.3.2 Germany
9.1.4 Japan
9.1.5 United States (U.S.)
9.1.6 Biological Limit Values
Appendix B – Calculating Exposure Concentrations
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Safe Use of Nickel in the Workplace

Safe Use of Nickel in the Workplace

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Published by: AKSHEYMEHTA on Oct 21, 2010
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11/04/2011

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