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Labor Code Book Style

Labor Code Book Style

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Published by adlesd

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Published by: adlesd on Oct 21, 2010
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ADLESD LABOR CODE OF THE PHILIPPINES1
PRESIDENTIAL DECREE NO. 442,AS AMENDED.
 
A DECREE INSTITUTING A LABOR CODE THEREBYREVISING AND CONSOLIDATING LABOR AND SOCIAL LAWS TO AFFORD PROTECTION TOLABOR, PROMOTE EMPLOYMENT ANDHUMAN RESOURCES DEVELOPMENT AND INSUREINDUSTRIAL PEACE BASED ON SOCIAL JUSTICE.
 
PRELIMINARY TITLE
 
Chapter IGENERAL PROVISIONS
 
ARTICLE 1.
 Name of Decree
.
- This Decree shall be known asthe ³Labor Code of the Philippines´.
ARTICLE 2.
 Date of effectivity
.
± This Code shall take effectsix (6) months after its promulgation.
ARTICLE 3.
 Declaration of basic policy
.
- The State shallafford protection to labor,promote fullemployment, ensure equal work opportunities regardless of sex,race or creed and regulate the relations between workers andemployers.The State shall assure the rights of workers to self-organization, collective bargaining, security of tenure, and justand humane conditions of work.
ARTICLE 4.
onstruction in favor of labor 
.
- All doubts in theimplementation and interpretation of the provisions of this Code,including its implementing rules and regulations, shall beresolved in favor of labor.
 
ADLESD LABOR CODE OF THE PHILIPPINES2
ARTICLE 5.
 R
ules and regulations
.
- The Department of Labor and other government agencies charged with theadministration and enforcement of this Code or any of its partsshall promulgate the necessary implementing rules andregulations. Such rules and regulations shall become effectivefifteen (15) days after announcement of their adoption innewspapers of general circulation.
ARTICLE 6.
 A
 pplicability
.
± All rights and benefits granted toworkers under this Code shall, except as may otherwise be provided herein, apply alike to all workers, whether agriculturalor non-agricultural. (As amended by Presidential Decree No.570-A, November 1, 1974).
Chapter IIEMANCIPATION OF TENANTS
 
ARTICLE 8.
ransfer of lands to tenant-workers
.
± Being avital part of the labor force, tenant-farmers on privateagricultural lands primarily devoted to rice and corn under asystem of share crop or lease tenancy whether classified aslanded estate or not shall be deemed owner of a portionconstituting a family-size farm of five (5) hectares, if notirrigated and three (3) hectares, if irrigated.In all cases, the land owner may retain an area of not more thanseven (7) hectares if such landowner is cultivating such area or will now cultivate it.
ARTICLE 9.
 Determination of land value
.
± For the purpose of determining the cost of the land to be transferred to the tenant-farmer, the value of the land shall be equivalent to two and one-half (2-1/2) times the average harvest of three (3) normal crop
 
ADLESD LABOR CODE OF THE PHILIPPINES3
years immediately preceding the promulgation of PresidentialDecree No. 27 on October 21, 1972.The total cost of the land, including interest at the rate of six percent (6%) per annum, shall be paid by the tenant in fifteen(15) years of fifteen (15) equal annual amortizations.In case of default, the amortization due shall be paid by thefarmers cooperative in which the defaulting tenant-farmer is amember, with the cooperative having a right of recourse againsthim.The government shall guarantee such amortizations with sharesof stock in government-owned and government-controlledcorporations.
ARTICLE 10.
onditions of ownership
.
± No title to the landacquired by the tenant-farmer under Presidential Decree No. 27shall be actually issued to him unless and until he has become afull-fledged member of a duly recognized farmers cooperative.Title to the land acquired pursuant to Presidential Decree No. 27or the Land Reform Program of the Government shall not betransferable except by hereditary succession or to theGovernment in accordance with the provisions of PresidentialDecree No. 27, the Code of Agrarian Reforms and other existinglaws and regulations.
ARTICLE 11.
 I 
mplementing agency
.
± The Department of Agrarian Reform shall promulgate the necessary rules andregulations to implement the provisions of this Chapter.

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