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Categories:Types, Research
Published by: lynbasri on Oct 22, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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THE PROBLEM AND ITS SCOPEBackground of the Study
Secondary education is an important subsector of education which ensures theachievement of developing knowledge, skills and values among the learners through theproper process of teaching and learning accompanied by proper leadership styles of theschool heads.Administration is a machinery through which an organization or institution can bemanaged. It is a main set up for a smooth and efficient working of educational structure.Educational administration is the direction, control and management of all matterspertaining to school affairs. Direction is the leadership within the community and theschool system. Control and management are the means for the realization of the purposesdefined in educational planning. Education is the control of the state as certain controlsare at the state level in the form of constitutional provisions, enactments and also asexecutive orders. (Alam, 2005).Being a school head is every teacher's dream. It is an enviable position that everyone aspires for. It is a fact that a school head has many tasks to do. As a partner of theDepEd or universities to improve the quality of education, he implements school policiesand programs, manages the school affairs and looks after the welfare of the teachers andstudents including the community where the school is located. He exerts all efforts toupgrade the achievement level of competence of teachers under him through professional
 growth and development. Teachers are encouraged to attend seminars, conferences andworkshops to keep themselves abreast of modern trends and be updated with effectivetechniques in the teaching/learning process for intellectual development. It is also verynecessary for a school head to have rapport and smooth interpersonal relations withmembers of the community, especially the parents. In the process, he establishes linkageswith the leaders and members to elicit support and cooperation effectively for projectsspearheaded by the school and the barangay. A school head is expected to face all theseresponsibilities more faithfully (Echano, 2005).Good (1973) as cited by Alam (2005), in the “Dictionary of Education” defineseducational administration as, "All those techniques and procedures employed inoperating the educational organization in accordance with established policies". Alam(2005) adds that educational administration is concerned with the dealing with andcoordinating the activities of groups of people. It is the dynamic side of education.Educational philosophy sets the goals; educational psychology explains the principles of teaching educational administration and deals with the educational policies. It isplanning, directing, controlling, executing, and evaluating the educative process.Educational administrators intending to practice in the twenty-first century needprofessional preparation that helps them work effectively in a world characterized byaccelerating change, exploding knowledge, growing diversity, galloping technology, andincreasing uncertainty. Such demands require preparation that not only equipsadministrators with innovative knowledge but also with capacity and appetite tocontinually improve their practice. Educational administrators must develop skills to
 manage complex, ever-changing challenges. Skills may be joined together in a variety of ways in order to perform a role and task. As tasks involved in day-to-day work role of aperson are many and varied then it follows that a competent worker needs to win anddemonstrate many different skills (Gul, 2005). The most important managerial skillsinclude technical, conceptual, interpersonal, diagnostic, communication, decision-making, and time-management skills. As educators suggest that "the skills andknowledge that matter in leadership are those that can be connected to, or lead directly to,the improvement of instruction and student performance."Secondary school administrators are tasked to ensure high quality output inschools, and teachers are expected high quality achievement among the students. Theyhave to be effective managers, and leadership is just one component of schoolmanagement. School managers have to be responsive, receptive and decisive toaccomplish school goals. Management skills like knowledge and ability to be constantlyupgraded and updated to meet the recent educational development thrusts andinnovations. The formal schooling and training years of school administrators need somemodification to meet the demand of technology upon the modern basic education(Irahani, 2005).Educational administrator in secondary level has to perform two major functions:Firstly, he is the principal of the school, and secondly, he needs to reshape hisorganization continuously. The principal of the secondary school is not only to be anadministrator but a partner in the community's affairs and services too. He has to achievethe immediate objectives of the organization and to plan the long-range development and

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