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April 27: The Simla agreement (ximula tiaoyue\u897f\u59c6\u62c9\u689d\u7d04) between the UK and Tibet is signed\u2014parts of eastern Tibet are ceded to China, but the major part of Tibet retains de facto independence from China (under British control) until 1951, the McMahon Line as boundary between Tibet and India is drawn from Bhutan in the west to the great bend of the Brahmaputra River in the east
Sept. 15: First issue of the magazine NEW YOUTH (xin qingnian\u65b0\u9752\u5e74, publication stopped in July 1925), advocating the use of plain language (baihua\u767d\u8a71) in writing instead of Classical Chinese (wenyan\u6587\u8a00)
enters WWI on the side of the allies
Aug. 25: Sun Yat-sen forms a military government in Guangzhou
November: Premier Tuan Chi-jui resigns
April 30: The Paris Peace Conference allows Japan to retain control of Germany\u2019s colonies in Shandong Province (Jiaozhou, Qingdao\u9752\u5cf6 etc.) although China had also participated on the side of the victors of WWI
May 4: After news spread that Germany\u2019s colonies in China are not to be returned but will be held by Japan, more than 30,000 students protest in Peking; this is the beginning of the May Fourth Movement (wusi yundong\u4e94\u56db\u904b\u52d5)
July 25: In the Karakhan Manifesto, the Soviets unilaterally renounce their privileges in China (named after Lew M. Karakhan [1889-1937], commissar for foreign affairs)
June 14: Hostilities between the warlords of the Chihli faction (Zhili pai\u76f4\u96b8\u6d3e) and the (pro-Japanese) Anhui faction (Anhui pai\u5b89\u5fbd\u6d3e)\u2014Tsao Kun\u66f9\u9315 (Chihli) and Chang Tso-lin\u5f35\u4f5c\u9716 (Fengtien faction [Fengtian pai\u5949\u5929\u6d3e]) join forces against Tuan Chi-jui (Anhui)
July: In Tokyo, the \u201cNew People Association\u201d publishes the magazine TAIWAN YOUTH (Taiwan qingnian\u53f0\u7063\u9752\u5e74, Jap. Taiwan seinen), name changed to TAIWAN on April 10, 1924
Jan. 30: Lin Hsien-tang\u6797\u737b\u5802 and other Taiwanese activists submit a petition (one of a total of 15 issued between 1921 and 1934) in Tokyo, start of the Petition Movement (qingyuan yundong\u8acb\u9858\u904b\u52d5, Jap. seigan undo); in reaction to the Taiwanese petition, Japan\u2019s Diet (guohui\u570b\u6703, Jap. kokkai) declares Japanese law to be effective in Taiwan (Law No. 3 replaces Law No. 63)
June 16: Warlord Chen Jiongming turns against Sun Yat-sen, Chiang Kai-shek\u8523\u4ecb\u77f3 arrives from Shanghai to help and saves Sun from danger, the original manuscript of Sun\u2019s \u201cThree Principles of the People\u201d (sanmin zhuyi\u4e09\u6c11\u4e3b\u7fa9) is lost in the fire ignited by Chen Jiongming\u2019s attack
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