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Complex Functions and Application

Complex Functions and Application

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Published by galhitin

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Published by: galhitin on Oct 22, 2010
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01/03/2013

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A First Course inComplex Analysis
Matthias Beck and Gerald Marchesi
Department of Mathematics Department of Mathematical SciencesSan Francisco State University Binghamton University (SUNY)San Francisco, CA 94132 Binghamton, NY 13902-6000
beck@math.sfsu.edu marchesi@math.binghamton.edu
Copyright 2002–2003 by the authors. All rights reserved. This internet book may be reproduced forany valid educational purposes of an institution of higher learning, in which case only the reasonablecosts of reproduction may be charged. Reproduction for profit of for any commercial purposes isstrictly prohibited.
 
2These are the lecture notes of a one-semester undergraduate course which we taught at BinghamtonUniversity (SUNY). For many of our students, Complex Analysis is their first rigorous analysis (if not mathematics) class they take, and these notes reflect this very much. We tried to rely on asfew concepts from Real Analysis as possible. In particular, series and sequences are treated “fromscratch.” This also has the (maybe disadvantageous) consequence that power series are introducedvery late in the course.If you would like to modify or extend our notes for your own use, please contact us. We would behappy to provide the LaTeX files.We thank our students who made many suggestions for and found errors in the text. Special thanksgo to Joshua Palmatier at Binghamton University (SUNY) for his comments after teaching fromthis book.
 
Contents
1 Complex numbers 1
1.1 Denition and algebraic properties . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11.2 Geometric properties . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31.3 Elementary topology of the plane . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6Exercises . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
2 Complex functions 11
2.1 First steps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 112.2 Dierentiability and analyticity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 122.3 The Cauchy-Riemann equations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15Exercises . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
3 Examples of functions 18
3.1 M¨obius transformations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 183.2 Exponential and trigonometric functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 213.3 The logarithm and complex exponentials . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23Exercises . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
4 Integration 28
4.1 Denition and basic properties . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 283

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