Climate change is a global threat and action must be taken at multiple locationsacross the globe to minimize the contribution to climate change. Action is requiredeverywhere especially given the fact the communities that contribute the least arethe most vulnerable to the impacts of the same. Also these communities are leastequipped to take mitigation and adaptation measures.Worldwide, buildings use 32 per cent of the world's resources in construction. Theyare responsible for around 40 per cent of global energy use and generate up to 30per cent of global GHG emissions. Given the rapid development especially in thedeveloping world, building sector is going to be key source both in the creation andoperation phase of the building. Taking this into consideration and the fact thatefficiencies can be gained in this sector, the United Nations EnvironmentProgramme (UNEP) has stated
that “no other
sector has such a high potential for
drastic emission reductions”
, and the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change(IPCC) has identified that buildings offer some of the most cost effective andexpedient ways to reduce GHG emissions.
The building sector has enormous untapped potential for emissions reduction andpresents the least cost abatement opportunity. It is important to support energyefficiency and emission reduction programmes in the building sector by recognizingthem as a Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Action (NAMA) and reforming theClean Development Mechanism to improve energy efficiency and reduce correlatingGHG emissions at the lowest average CO
abatement cost relative to other sectors.Green buildings achieve this and also do more than deliver a smaller carbonfootprint. Green Buildings can deliver rapid and cost-effective reductions toemissions and energy consumption
with a significant percentage realising positivereturns to the global economy.
The construction industry in India has been growing at an astounding rate of 10%per annum over the last ten years. As of August 2010, a total of 703 green buildingprojects across the six climatic zones of the country covering over 438 million sqftare registered with India GBC, of which 112 green buildings have been certified.In 2009, there was close to 200 million m
of built office space. This number isexpected to grow even further by over 70% by the year 2030 (890 million m
). If theEnergy Conservation Building Code were to be fully implemented, the overall energyconsumption from new commercial buildings could be reduced by 25-40%. Even in