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Learn Japanese Cheat Sheet

Learn Japanese Cheat Sheet

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Published by James

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Published by: James on Oct 15, 2007
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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01/31/2014

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{
short phrases
}Dōmo arigatoo gozaimasu – Thank you very much.Iie, kekkou desu. – No thanks.Dō itashimashite – You’re welcomeIrasshaimase – Welcome.Dozo o sakini - pls go ahead.{
Please
}Dōzo – [
when offering
]Kudasai - [
when requesting something
]{
 Acknowledgements
}ee desu ka – ready? | alright?a, sō desu ka – I see.so desu ne – let me see.a ii des ne. – ok.
Daijobu
desu ka – Is it okay?Daijobu desu – its okay.
Ja
– well then (Ja mata )
a
– oh.
ne
– is that right?
suki
desu – I like it.suki desu ka – you like it?
kirai
desu – I don’t like it. (
kee lie
)*
kirei
desu – It’s beautiful. (
kee lay
){
greetings
}
Ohayo gozaimasu – Good morning
Konichiwa – Good Afternoon | Hello.
Kombanwa – Good evening
Oyasuminasai – Good nightnamae – (nama aye)namae wa kudasai. – Your name pls.{
Chat Weather
}Ee, otenki des ne. – Nice day. Isn’t it?
 Atsui
ee des ne. – Hot, isn’t it
Samui
ee des ne – Cold, isn’t it.{
communications - help
}mo ichido onegaishimasu – one more time pls. yukkuri onegaishimasu – slowly pls.Eigo ga wakarimasu ka. – speak English Wakarimasu. – I understandIie, wakarimasen. – I don’t understand.“Kore wa eigo de
nan to
imasu ka”
 How do you say this in English
“Kore wa eigo de
nan to yomi
masu ka.”
 How do you read this in English
Kaite kudasai – pls write it.sukoshi hanashimasu – I speak a little.sukoshi wakarimasu – I understand a little.Chotto matte kudasai – one moment pls.
Ikimasho
– let’s go.Ikimasho ka? - Shall we go?
Sore o
kudasai – pls give me this.
Kore o
kudasai – pls give me that.{
Directions – doko desu
}
Hidari
(
left
) |
 
Massugu
(
Straight
) |
Migi
(
Right
)
 Harijuku eki 
 wa doko desu ka. – Where is Harijuku stn.{
Persons
}
Otoko – Man
Onna – Woman
Kodomo - Child{
Exclamations
} Abunai - Watch out!Tasukete – Help!kaji - fireOsewani narimashita – Thank you for your assistanceki tie desu. – I want to buy this.Tadaima – I’m back.
 yoi – good
 warui - bad
okagi – money 
ocha – tea
o’mizu – water
kami – paper Atarashii – new Furui - old{
Singular interrogatory 
 
kikimasu
– to ask }
nani
. - What?
dare to
- Who?
naze
desu ka? - Why?
itsu
desu ka? - When?
doko
desu ka? - Where?
 
a, so desu
ne
.a, so desu
ka
 
{
Particles
}
:: grammatical function of Nouns (N1); not
 prepositional 
like in English, but
 postpostional 
– coming after.
Tōkyō
de
– at TokyoHitori
de
– alone (
lit 
: “by one person”) jūgo-nichi
ni
– on the 15
th
{4 forms}present form
desu – to be, is, are (affirmative)dewa arimasen – is not (negative)
past forms
deshitadewa arimasendeshita
desu
– to be{
motion verbs forms
}
present/future forms
-masu-masen
past forms
-mashita-masendeshita
ikimasu
– to to
kimasu
– to come
kaerimasu
– to return (to go home)
 
{
introducing yourself 
}Hajimemashite.
 ABC Fuz 
ū 
 
no
Sumisu desu. Watashi
 wa
 
 James
desu.{
introducing others
}
Kochira wa
Nihon Ginkō
no
 
 Sumisu-san
desu.Gurei
-san
 
 wa
 
bengoshi 
 
desu
.Sumisu
-san
 
 wa
ABC Fuzu
no
 
bengoshi 
desu.Nozomi Depato
no
Takahasi desuDozo yoroshiku onegaishimasu[
namae
] desu.
{ don’t use
–san
referring to yourself }
Q:Hofuman-san wa
 Igirisu-jin
desu ka. A:Iie, Doitsu-jin desu.Q:Sumisu-san
 wa
gakusei desu
ka
. A:Hai, gakusei desu.
gakusei - student
hisho – secretary 
 bengoshi – lawyer
enjinia - engineer[
N
1
+ wa + N2 + desu
]Q:
 Sumisu-san
 
 wa
 
 Nihon-jin
desu
ka
,
Chugoku
desu
ka
 A:Chugoku
desu
.P
1
: 
Donata
desu ka.
(can use
dare [
informal 
]
)
P
2
:Nakamura desu.P
1
:Hai, dozodōzō – pleasedōmo arigato gozaimasu – thank you
 watashi no – my 
meishi – business card
namae - name
ee – (informal yes ‘eeh’)
sō desu.
– that’s right
kaisha – company, office
 jūsho – address
merū-adoresu
keitai – cell phone
kasa – umbrella
hon – book 
shimbun – newspaper
kagi – key 
tokei –watch
denwa bango
o
denwa - phone
o
 bango - number
desu (is, are)
dewa arimasen
(is not)
deshita ( was )
 past 
dewa arimasedeshita (was not)
ka
(particle denotes question)
no
(
partical denotes affliation or ownership)
anata – informal ‘you’
Rondon – London
Ginkō – bank 
Tokyō Daigaku – Tokyo University {
Pronouns - P
N 
}
Kore
 wa This|
Kono
 
(used
 before
noun)
Sore
 wa That|
Sono
(
ex. Sono aoi T-shatsu desu
)
 Are
 wa – That over there|
 Ano
(
ex. Ano ōkii ringo
)Q:Kore wa
hon
desu ka. A:Hai,
hon
 
desu
.Q:Kore wa
tokei 
desu ka. A:
Iie
, tokei
dewa arimasen
Q:Kore wa nan desu ka. A:
 Kagi 
desu.{
Belongs to someone
: N
1
 
 wa
N
2
 
no
N
3
 
desu ka
}Q:Kore wa
 Sasaki-san
no
kasa
desu ka. A 
1
:Hai,
 Sasaki-san
 
no desu
. A 
2
:Iie,
 Sasaki-san
no
dewa arimasen
.{Who’s is it}Q:
Kore wa dare no
hon desu ka. A:Chan-san
no desu
.{
State phone number
}
 Sumisu-san
 
no denwa-bangō wa
zero san
no
san-yon-roku-roku
no
ichi-ni-hachi-yon
desu
.Q:
Takahashi-san
 
no denwa-bango
 
 wa nan-ban
desuka.
Taishikan – embassy 
nan-ban – what numberQ:Kore wa Nakamura san no hon desu ka. A:Iie, watashi
no dewa arimasen
.Q: 
Dare no
hon
desu ka
. A:Chan-san desu.
PossessiveDo not usewhen referringto yourself 
Dare - who

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