Tool 2: Pros and Cons
Steps for Creating Pros and Cons
List all Pros2.
List all Cons3.
Review and consolidate the Cons, merging andeliminating4.
Neutralize as many Cons as possible5.
Compare the Pros and unalterable Cons for all options6.
Pick one optionPro and Cons allows distilling what be the consequence if one was selected.It will be easier to do Cons humans are compulsivelycritical, but sometime negatives can overwhelm thepositive.
Tool 3: Divergent / Convergent Thinking
. Brainstorm (Divergent)
. Winnow and Cluster (Convergent)
. Select practical, promising ideas (Convergent)
Rules of Divergent Thinking:
The more ideas, the better
Build upon one idea to another
Wacky ideas are acceptable; break conventionalwisdom
Don’t evaluate the ideas
Tool 4: Sorting, Chronologies and Timelines
. As you are researching a decision or problem, makea list of relevant events and dates, Always list the datesfirst.
. Construct a chronology, crossing off events as theyare included.
Benefits of Chronologies:
Chronologies shows timing and relevant events
Call attention to key events and to significant gaps
Identify patterns and correlationsTimelines can be designed horizontally or vertically.