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Analytical Tools Cheatsheet

# Analytical Tools Cheatsheet

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14 Tools to use to do information analysis.
14 Tools to use to do information analysis.

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11/28/2012

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Analytical Tool

Factors
: Things, Circumstances or conditio
Issues
: points or questions to be disputed o
* Study subtleties
: lightweight factors and
Thinking Patterns:Convergent
: bringing together and moving

View a problem more narrowly; wi
Divergent
: Branching out, go in different di

Open to creative alternatives, consi
Four Types of Problems:

Simplistic
: There is only one answe

Deterministic

Random

Indeterminate
Sanity Checking
: Does it make sense? Is it p

Tool 1: Problem Restatement
Shift to divergent thinking: Redefine the prmany different ways we can think of; let thfreely.1.

Use the
active voice
when creating the2.

Paraphrase
: Restate using different wochanging the meaning3.

180 Degrees
: Reverse the situation into4.

: restate in larger co 5.

Redirect the focus
: Consciously change6.

Of the initial statement, therestate the problems that cause something to happen; factors beget isr decidedissuesto a single focal pointnows the weak alternativesrections from a single pointders all alternativesrt it is determined by a formulasiblere possible, but some answers are conjecture, notractical? Or logical?blem in asideas flowlist.rds withouta negativetextthe focuswhy again and
Pitfalls
:

Focus is misdirected – defini

Statement is assumption dri

Statement is solution driven1suesll possible answers canion too narrowen

2
Tool 2: Pros and Cons

Steps for Creating Pros and Cons
:1.

List all Pros2.

List all Cons3.

Review and consolidate the Cons, merging andeliminating4.

Neutralize as many Cons as possible5.

Compare the Pros and unalterable Cons for all options6.

Pick one optionPro and Cons allows distilling what be the consequence if one was selected.It will be easier to do Cons humans are compulsivelycritical, but sometime negatives can overwhelm thepositive.
Tool 3: Divergent / Convergent Thinking

Step 1
. Brainstorm (Divergent)
Step 2
. Winnow and Cluster (Convergent)
Step 3
. Select practical, promising ideas (Convergent)
Rules of Divergent Thinking:

The more ideas, the better

Build upon one idea to another

Wacky ideas are acceptable; break conventionalwisdom

Don’t evaluate the ideas
Tool 4: Sorting, Chronologies and Timelines

Step 1
. As you are researching a decision or problem, makea list of relevant events and dates, Always list the datesfirst.
Step 2
. Construct a chronology, crossing off events as theyare included.
Benefits of Chronologies:

Chronologies shows timing and relevant events

Call attention to key events and to significant gaps

Identify patterns and correlationsTimelines can be designed horizontally or vertically.

3
Tool 5: Casual Flow Diagram

Casual Flow Diagram Construction Steps:
1.

Identify major factors2.

Identify Cause-and-Effect Relationships3.

Characterize the relationship (Direct or Inverse)4.

Diagram the relationship5.

Analyze the behavior of the relationship when it isintegrated
CFD benefits:

Identifies the major factors – the engines – that drivethe system; how they interact, and whether theseinteractions are direct or inverse related.

Enables us to view the cause and effect relationshipsas an integrated system and discover linkages that areformerly dimmed and obscured

Facilitates our determining the main source of theproblem

Enables us to conceive alternative correctivemeasures and to estimate respective effects.
Casual Affect Factor Diagram
Create Causal/Affected Factor Matrix First; then diagram
Casual Flow Diagram (Visual Framework)Tool 6: Matrix

A matrix enables us to:

Separate elements of a problem

Categorize information by type

Compare one type of information with another

Compare pieces of information of the same type

See correlations (patterns) among the informationSetup the grid:Change the X and Y axis according to subject matter: