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solar updraft tower

solar updraft tower

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Published by Sunil Kumar Singh
solar updraft tower uses solar energy to generat energy
solar updraft tower uses solar energy to generat energy

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Published by: Sunil Kumar Singh on Oct 22, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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02/25/2015

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CHAPTER-1
I ntrodu c t io n
Sensible technology for the wide
 
use of 
 
renewable energy must
 
 be simple andreliable, accessible to
 
the technologically less developed
 
countries that
 
are
 
sunny andoften
 
have limited raw materials resources.
 
It should
 
not need cooling water 
 
and
 
it should be based on environmentally sound production from renewable or recyclable materials.The solar tower meets these conditions.
 
Economic appraisals based onexperience
 
and knowledge
 
gathered
 
so
 
far have
 
shown
 
that large scale solar towers (
 
100 MW) are capable of generating
 
electricity
 
at costs comparable to those of conventional power plant.
 
This
 
is reason enough to
 
further 
 
develop
 
this form of solar energy utilization, up
 
to large, economically viable
 
units. In
 
a
 
future energy
 
economy,solar 
 
towers
 
could thus help assure the economic
 
and
 
environmentally benign provision of electricity in sunny regions.The solar updraft tower’s three essential elements – solar air collector,chimney/tower,
 
and wind turbines -
 
have
 
 been familiar for centuries. Their 
 
combinationto
 
generate
 
electricity has
 
already
 
 been
 
described in 1931
 
(Günther, 1931).
 
Haaf (1983, 1984)
 
gives test results
 
and a
 
theoretical
 
description of the
 
solar tower  prototype in Manzanares,
 
Spain.
 
Transferability of the
 
results obtained
 
in
 
Manzanares isdiscussed by Schlaich et
 
al.
 
(1990).
 
The same author provides
 
an
 
overview (Schlaich1995).
 
Kreetz (1997) introduces
 
the concept of 
 
water-filled bags
 
under the collector roof 
 
for 
 
thermal storage. Gannon and v.
 
Backström (2000)
 
 present a thermodynamic cycleanalysis
 
of the solar 
 
tower, and also an analysis
 
of 
 
turbine
 
characteristics. Ruprecht etal.
 
(2003) give results from
 
fluid
 
dynamic
 
calculations and
 
turbine design for a
 
200
 
MWsolar tower. A thermal
 
and
 
technical
 
analyses targeting
 
computer-aided calculationis described by dos Santos. For Australia, a
 
200 MW solar tower project is
 
currently being developed Conditions in Australia
 
are
 
very
 
favorable
 
for this type of solar thermal power 
 
 plant.
In 1903, Spanish Colonel of the Spanish army Isidoro Cabanyes first proposeda solar chimney power plant in the magazine
 La energía eléctrica
. One of the earliestdescriptions of a solar chimney power plant was written in 1931 by a German author,Hanns Günther . Beginning in 1975, Robert E. Lucier applied for  patentson a solar chimney electric
Page | 1
 
 power generator; between 1978 and 1981 these patents were granted in Australia, Canada,Israel, and the USA.
CHAPTER-2
Definition Of Solar Updraft Tower
It is possible to produce electricity using solar system without concentration of sunlight The
 
Solar Updraft Tower is a large-scale solar thermal power plant (30– 200MW). Solar Updraft Towers are like an inverted funnel, with a wide skirt(circular  greenhouse collector) to collect air to then turn a turbine in the tower.A solar updrafttower power plant – sometimes also called 'solar chimney' or just ‘solar tower’. –sincethere is temperature difference between greenhouse area and top of the tower natural
Page | 2
 
convection causes air heated in the collector to rise and escape through the chimney.This air flow drives pressure staged turbines to generate electricity. If heat is storeduring the day this can also be used to produce electricity.
Figure -2
simple diagram of solar updraft tower
CHAPTER-3
Parts Of Solar Updraft Tower
3.1Collector 3.2Turbine3.3Tower or chimney
Page | 3

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