Many regard the book of Romans as a ³compendium of Christian doctrine.´
Romans isan articulate exposition of the concepts presented in Corinthian letters and in Galatians.Interestingly, there are omissions of subjects considered normative for Pauline thought: thereturn of Jesus, the afterlife, and the situation of the church to which his letter is addressed.
Nonetheless, the apostle Paul articulately presents detailed treatments of justification,reconciliation, grace, mercy, and the application of these concepts.This exegetical paper focuses on Romans 5:12-17, a passage in the center of Paul¶s presentation of justification through Christ. After discussing the background of the letter to theRomans, along with the context of the passage receiving treatment, the core of this project is acommentary on Romans 5:12-17 that ultimately demonstrates the inexpressible power of the freegift of grace offered by God the Father through His Son Jesus Christ. Juxtaposing the results of Adam¶s decision of rebellion and Christ¶s decision of obedience, Romans 5:12-17 establishes the blessing of a right standing with the Father to all who answer the call to follow Christ.
Rome was the capital city of the dominant power in the Western and Near Eastern worldin the time of New Testament. Founded in 753 B.C. on the Tiber River, Rome became a city of incredible size housing over a million people. A city of religious syncretism, Paul's gaze wasfixed on the hub of the Roman Empire, ³I must also see Rome,´ Paul wrote (Acts 19:21b).
Paul, however, did not deliver this letter to the Roman church. In Romans, he states he had not
D.A. Carson, and Douglas J. Moo,
An Introduction to the New Testament,
ed. (Grand Rapids,Michigan: Zondervan, 2005), 402.
John William Drane,
Introducing the New Testament
, Completely rev. and updated. (Oxford: LionPublishing plc, 2000), 338.
Acts 19:21, New America Standard Bible (NASB). Unless otherwise noted, all Scripture taken from the NASB.