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Table Of Contents

Resistors in Series
Resistors in Parallel
Ideal Voltage Sources
Ideal Current Sources
Real Sources
Voltage Dividers
Current Dividers
Superposition
What’s missing from this review???
Signal Source
Amplifier
Load
Ground Terminal
To work with (analyze and design) amplifiers
Amplifier Input
Amplifier Output
Open-Circuit Voltage Gain
Voltage Gain
Current Gain
Power Gain
DC Input Power
Conservation of Power
Efficiency
Cascaded Amplifiers
Using Decibels to Indicate Specific Magnitudes
Current Amplifier Model
Transconductance Amplifier Model
Transresistance Amplifier Model
Ideal Voltage Amplifier
Ideal Current Amplifier
Ideal Transconductance Amplifier
ideal transconductance amplifier
Ideal Transresistance Amplifier
Uniqueness of Ideal Amplifiers
Terms and Definitions
The Magnitude Response
Causes of Reduced Gain at Higher Frequencies
Causes of Reduced Gain at Lower Frequencies
Modeling Differential and Common-Mode Signals
Amplifying Differential and Common-Mode Signals
Common-Mode Rejection Ratio
Ideal Operational Amplifiers
Ideal Operational Amplifier Operation
Op Amp Operation with Negative Feedback
Slew Rate
Input Resistance
Output Resistance
Input and Output Resistance
The Integrator
The Differentiator
Resistor Values
Source Resistance and Resistor Tolerances
Examples of Load-Line Analysis
The Shockley Equation
The Ideal Diode
Piecewise-Linear Diode Models
Other Piecewise-Linear Models
Introduction
Load-Line Analysis of Zener Regulators
Numerical Analysis of Zener Regulators
Zener Regulators with Attached Load
A Typical Battery Charging Circuit
The Filtered Half-Wave Rectifier
Operation
Bridge Rectifier
Input Characteristic
Description of Operation
Equations Governing n-Channel JFET Operation
The Triode - Pinch-Off Boundary
The Transfer Characteristic
The n-Channel Depletion MOSFET
The n-Channel Enhancement MOSFET
The Body Terminal
Circuit Diagram and Equations
Load-Line Analysis - Input Side
Load-Line Analysis - Output Side
A Numerical Example
Circuit Analysis
Bias Stability
Example
Concepts of Biasing
Design of the Four-Resistor BJT Bias Circuit
Design of the Dual-Supply BJT Bias Circuit
Design of the Grounded-Emitter BJT Bias Circuit
Analysis of the Grounded-Emitter BJT Bias Circuit
The Diode-Biased Current Mirror
Compliance Range
Using a Mirror to Bias an Amplifier
Wilson Current Mirror
Widlar Current Mirror
Multiple Current Mirrors
FET Current Mirrors
The Concept
The Equations
Diode Small-Signal Resistance
Constructing the Small-Signal Equivalent Circuit
The Small-Signal Equivalent
Transconductance
FET Output Resistance
The Small-Signal Equivalent Circuit
Small-Signal Equivalent Circuit
The Bode Phase Response
Single-Pole Low-Pass RC
Single-Pole High-Pass RC
Effect on Frequency Response
Constructing the Bode Magnitude Plot for an Amplifier
Midband Performance
Design Considerations
The Effect of the Coupling Capacitors
The Effect of the Emitter Bypass Capacitor CE
Deriving the Equations
The Model
High-Frequency Performance
The CE Amplifier Magnitude Response
Linear Imperfections
Nonlinear Imperfections
DC Imperfections:
Modeling the DC Imperfections
Using the DC Error Model
DC Output Error Example
Canceling the Effect of the Bias Currents:
Simplified Analysis
Johnson Noise
Shot Noise
1/f Noise (Flicker Noise)
Interference
Terms, Definitions, Conventions
Adding and Subtracting Uncorrelated Quantities
Calculating Noise Figure
Example #1
Example #2
The Inverter
Manufacturer’s Voltage Specifications
Noise Margin
Manufacturer’s Current Specifications
Fan-Out
Power Consumption
Rise Time, Fall Time, and Propagation Delay
Speed-Power Product
TTL Logic Families & Characteristics
CMOS Logic Families & Characteristics
CMOS Inverter
Basic Differential Amplifier Circuit
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Introduction to Electronics

Introduction to Electronics

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Published by Reinhart

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Published by: Reinhart on Oct 23, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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