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POFR Lepak v. Irving DOJ Amicus

POFR Lepak v. Irving DOJ Amicus

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Published by: electionlawcentercom on Oct 23, 2010
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IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURTFOR THE NORTHERN DISTRICT OF TEXASDALLAS DIVISION
 KEITH A. LEPAK, MARVIN RANDLE, )DAN CLEMENTS, DANA BAILEY, )KENSLEY STEWART, CRYSTAL )MAIN, DAVID TATE, VICKI TATE, )MORGAN MCCOMB, and )JACQUALEA COOLEY, )Plaintiffs, ))v. ) C.A. No. 3:10-cv-00277-P)CITY OF IRVING, TEXAS, ))Defendant. )____________________________________ )
BRIEF FOR THE UNITED STATES AS AMICUS CURIAE
Case 3:10-cv-00277-P Document 32-1 Filed 10/21/10 Page 1 of 15 PageID 545
 
i
TABLE OF CONTENTSI.
 
INTRODUCTION
..............................................................................................................
1II.
 
STATEMENT
....................................................................................................................
1III.
 
ARGUMENT
......................................................................................................................
2A.
 
Total Population is the Standard Used for Congressional, State, andMunicipal Apportionments
..............................................................................................
21.
 
The Supreme Court Has Consistently Used Total Population to MeasureCompliance with the One-Person, One-Vote Principle
...........................................
32.
 
Jurisdictions In Texas Use Total Population for Apportionment
..........................
43.
 
Total Population Is the Apportionment Standard Relied On By Statesand Localities Throughout the Country
...................................................................
6B.
 
No Court Has Ever Required A Jurisdiction to Use Citizen Voting AgePopulation in Apportionment Instead of Total Population
..........................................
8IV.
 
CONCLUSION
................................................................................................................
12
 
Case 3:10-cv-00277-P Document 32-1 Filed 10/21/10 Page 2 of 15 PageID 546
 
ii
TABLE OF AUTHORITIESCases
Avery v. Midland County, 390 U.S. 474 (1968) ........................................................................ 3, 4Benavidez v. City of Irving, 638 F. Supp. 2d 709 (N.D. Tex. 2009) ......................................... 1, 2Burns v. Richardson, 384 U.S. 73 (1966) .................................................................................... 10Campos v. City of Houston, 113 F.3d 544 (5th Cir. 1997) ............................................................ 5Chen v. City of Houston, 206 F.3d 502 (5th Cir. 2000) ..................................................... 2, 3 ,8, 9Daly v. Hunt, 93 F.3d 1212 (4th Cir. 1996) .............................................................................. 8, 11Department of Commerce v. United States House of Representatives,525 U.S. 316 (1999) ......... 4Ellis v. Mayor & City Council of Baltimore, 352 F.2d 123 (4th Cir. 1965) ................................ 11Gaffney v. Cummings,
 
412 U.S. 735 (1973) .................................................................................. 4Garza v. County of Los Angeles, 756 F. Supp. 1298 (C.D. Cal. 1990)........................................ 10Garza v. County of Los Angeles, 918 F.2d 763 (9th Cir. 1990) ......................................... 8, 10, 11Kalson v. Paterson, 542 F.3d 281 (2d Cir. 2008) ........................................................................... 3Karcher v. Daggett, 462 U.S. 725 (1983) ....................................................................................... 3Kirkpatrick v. Preisler, 394 U.S. 526 (1969) .............................................................................. 3, 4Reynolds v. Sims,
 
377 U.S. 533 (1964) .......................................................................................... 4United States v. Vill. of Port Chester, 704 F. Supp 2d. 411 (S.D.N.Y. 2010) ................................ 8Wesberry v. Sanders, 376 U.S. 1 (1964)..................................................................................... 3, 4
Statutes and Regulations
42 U.S.C. § 1973b(b) ...................................................................................................................... 542 U.S.C. § 1973c ........................................................................................................................... 528 C.F.R. pt. 51 app ........................................................................................................................ 5
Other Authorities
J.
 
G
ERALD
H
EBERT ET AL
., T
HE
R
EALISTS
 
G
UIDE TO
R
EDISTRICTING
(2000) ................................ 7J.
 
G
ERALD
H
EBERT ET AL
., T
HE
R
EALIST
S
G
UIDE TO
R
EDISTRICTING
(2d ed. 2010) ..................... 7N
ATIONAL
C
ONFERENCE OF
S
TATE
L
EGISLATURES
R
EAPPORTIONMENT
T
ASK
F
ORCE
,
 
R
EAPPORTIONMENT
L
AW
:
 
T
HE
1990
S
(1989) .............................................................................. 7N
ATIONAL
C
ONFERENCE OF
S
TATE
L
EGISLATURES
,
 
R
EDISTRICTING
L
AW
2000 (1999) ................. 7N
ATIONAL
C
ONFERENCE OF
S
TATE
L
EGISLATURES
,
 
R
EDISTRICTING
L
AW
2010 (2009) ................. 7T
EXAS
L
EGISLATIVE
C
OUNCIL
,
 
G
UIDE TO
2001
 
R
EDISTRICTING
(2000) ...................................... 6, 7T
EXAS
L
EGISLATIVE
C
OUNCIL
,
 
G
UIDE TO
2011
 
R
EDISTRICTING
(2010) ...................................... 6, 7
Case 3:10-cv-00277-P Document 32-1 Filed 10/21/10 Page 3 of 15 PageID 547

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