Imperial Naval with similar pieces as early as the 1880s,which they oreon their wrists while synchronizing naval attacks, and firing artillery.In 1906, the evolution of wristlets took an even bigger step with theinvention of the expandable flexible bracelet, as well as the introductionof wire loops (or lugs) soldered onto small, open-faced pocket watchcases, allowing leather straps to be more easily attached. This aided their adaptation for military use and thus marked a turning point in thedevelopment of wristwatches for men.Another timely issue was the vulnerability of the glass crystal whenworn during combat. This was addressed by utilizing ³pierced metalcovers´, frequently called shrapnel guards. These were basically metalgrills (often made of silver), placed over the dial of the watch²thereby protecting the glass from damage while still allowing the time to beeasily read.A less common solution was the use of leather covers, snapped into place over the watch. While they did offer protection from damage, theywere cumbersome to use, and thus were primarily seen in the extremeclimates of Australia and AfricaOver the next decade, watch companies slowly added additional modelsto their catalogs, and finally, by the mid-1930s, they accounted for 65 percent of all watches exported by Switzerland. It was an uphill battle, but the wristwatch had finally arrived. They were now accurate,waterproof and, by 1931, perpetually self-winding, when Rolexintroduced the Auto Rotor, a revolutionary design, which is used to thisday by watch companies around the world.The success of the wristwatch was born out of necessity, and Rolexcontinued this tradition by introducing a series of Professional, or ³toolwatches´ in the early 1950s. These models, including the Submariner,Explorer, GMT-Master, Turn-O-Graph, and Milgauss were alsodesigned out of necessity, as they included features and attributes thatwere essential for a specific task or profession.