Overview of The Universal Mobile Telecommunication System
1. 3G Systems
3G Systems are intended to provide a global mobility with wide range of services includingtelephony, paging, messaging, Internet and broadband data.International TelecommunicationUnion(ITU) started the process of defining the standard for third generation systems, referred toas International Mobile Telecommunications 2000 (IMT-2000). In EuropeEuropeanTelecommunications Standards Institute (ETSI) was responsible of UMTS standardisation process. In 1998Third Generation Partnership Project(3GPP) was formed to continue thetechnical specification work. 3GPP has five main UMTS standardisation areas: Radio Access Network, Core Network, Terminals, Services and System Aspects and GERAN.3GPP Radio Access group is responsible of:Radio Layer 1, 2 and 3 RR specification
Iub, Iur and Iu Interfaces
UTRAN Operation and Maintenance requirements
BTS radio performance specification
Conformance test specification for testing of radio aspects of base stations
Specifications for radio performance aspects from the system point of view
3GPP Core Network group is responsible of:Mobility management, call connection control signaling between the user equipment and the
core network.Core network signaling between the core network nodes.
Definition of interworking functions between the core network and external networks.
Packet related issues.
Core network aspects of the lu interface and Operation and Maintenance requirements
3GPP Terminal group is responsible of:Service capability protocols
Services end-to-end interworking
USIM to Mobile Terminal interface
Model/framework for terminal interfaces and services (application) execution
Conformance test specifications of terminals, including radio aspects
3GPP Services and System Aspects group is responsible of:Definition of services and feature requirements.
Development of service capabilities and service architecture for cellular, fixed and cordless