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Questions and Answers - Photovoltaic Training Session 2

Questions and Answers - Photovoltaic Training Session 2

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Published by Fernando Nuno
Q&A session of photovoltaic training http://www.leonardo-energy.org/node/5948
Q&A session of photovoltaic training http://www.leonardo-energy.org/node/5948

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Published by: Fernando Nuno on Oct 25, 2010
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12/31/2012

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PV TRAINING – DESIGN, CONSTRUCTION, OPERATION ANDMAINTENANCE
Q&A SESSION 2
September – October 2010http://www.leonardo-energy.org/node/5948 
 
iperez: Do you install de panelsrandomly or do you take intoconsideration the IV curves of eachpanel to make the different stringswith similar MPP characteristics?Usually, it is used the same type andthe same brand of panel in theaccomplishment of the differentstrings. As the percentage ovariation of power between modulesusually does not overcome +/-3 %, itis not necessary to select the panelsat the moment of mounting thestrings. Sometimes nevertheless,groups of modules are done, basedon the flash list provided by themanufacturer and depending on the(little differences of) power . Somestudies have arrived to theconclusion that this selection doesnot guarantee a real increase of production in the plantpabloindustrial@hotmail.com: What do you do when you see a thermography with hot points? How do you take a decision for change it?If the tests of thermography havebeen done by a specializedcompany, we will follow therecommendations it gives to us. Incase we do the tests by ourselves: a)if the fault is clear, we will return thepanel to the manufacturer. b) If wehave doubts, we can send thethermographies to a laboratory inorder they confirm us theseriousness of the problemBouaziz: Do you measure P-V curvefor some panels before installation asa check before installation?It is interesting to get the curve I-Vfor the whole photovoltaic facility. If we obtain it every year with similaratmospheric conditions, we will beable establish the annualdegradation of the facility.
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CONCERNING THE CONTRACT: If thecontract with the manufacturer fixesa price per real supplied Wp, it canbe interesting to select a set osamples and pay him depending onthe average power of the selectedsamplesSilpa Babu: The anchored type of structures can be used up to whatwind speeds?Usually, the supplier of theseelements can do the study of thetype of anchorage to use dependingon the wind, as well as other veryrelevant conditions to take intoaccount as the soil resistance andnumber of modules for everyanchorageashrafhafiz: Is there is anyadjustment to be done with solarpanel or regulator in high solarradiation areas You can need to limit the ratio:Power peak/ Nominal Power(inverter). If not, you could losecertain energy in certain moments of the day with higher radiationpadam 2: how can you make surethat every module procured, is goodenough for installation? You can select a few samples andtest them, but it is more useful andpractical the voltage measuring inevery string during the facilitycommissioning and thus to detectpossible failuresAviram: what is the recommendedgenerator/inverter ratio?It is usual, in countries with mediumradiation (Southern Europe forexample), the facility design with aratio of 1.15 or 1.20. This ratio candecrease in areas with higherradiation (1-1.1)Malik: should the minus termination(-) be connected to the earth?In this case, it is necessary to followthe indications of the manufacturerof panels. In a usual way: in a
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