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Fathers of the Third Century 2 Gregory Thaumaturgus Dionysius the Great, Julius African Us, Anatolius

Fathers of the Third Century 2 Gregory Thaumaturgus Dionysius the Great, Julius African Us, Anatolius

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05/19/2012

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F
AT
HERSOFTHE
T
HIRDCEN
T
URY:
GREGORYTHAUMATURGUS,DIONYSIUSTHEGREAT,JULIUSAFRICANUS,ANATOLIU
S
ANDMINORWRITERS,METHODIUS,ARNOBIUS.
AM
E
RICAN
E
DITION
.C
H
R
O
NOLO
G
I
C
ALL
YA
RR
A
N
GED
,W
I
THBRIEFNO
TESA
N
D
PR
EF
A
CE
S
,
BY
A
.CLEVELAND
C
OXE,D
.
D.
K
p
O
.TI
[
L
T_
.
T
H
ZNICENRCOU
N
C_
 
INTRODUCTORYNOTICE.
INthisvo
l
umea
m
assof
f
ra
gm
enta
ry
m
a
te
ri
al'hasbeen
r
edu
c
edto
m
et
h
od
,
andsoha
rm
o-n
izeda
s
topre
s
en
t
anin
t
eg
r
a
l
re
su
l
t
.The
stu
den
th
a
s
beforehim
,t
herefore
,
(t)a
vie
w
of
t
he
C
h
r
i
st
i
a
n
C
h
u
rche
m
ergingfrom
t
he
t
enper
s
ecu
t
ion
s;(
2
)
a
s
ur
v
eyo
f
i
ts
co
n
di
t
ionon
t
hee
v
eof
t
h
a
t
gr
e
at
e
v
en
t
,the
(
nomin
a
l)con
v
er
s
io
n
of
t
heempi
r
e;
(
3
)
anin
t
rod
u
c
t
ionto
t
heer
a
ofAthana
s
i
us
;
a
nd
(
4
)
ahi
st
oryofe
v
e
n
t
st
ha
t
led
t
o
t
hec
al
li
n
gofthefir
stCat
ho
h
cco
u
ncil
atNicaea
.
ThemoralgrandeurandpredominanceoftheSeeofAlexandriaarealsohereconspicuouslyillustrated.ThemasterywhichitsgreatschoolcontinuedtoexerciseoverChristianthought
,
itsh
e
g
emony
intheformationofChristianliterature
,
itsguardianinfluenceinthedevelopmentofdoctrinaltechnology,andnotlesstheDivineProvidencethatcreateditandbuiltitupforthenobleendswhichitsubservedinaClement
,
anOrigen
,
andanAthanasius,willallpresentthem-selvesforciblytoev
e
ryrefl
e
ctingreaderofthisbook.OnehalfofthisvolumepresentstheAlexandrianschoolitselfinitsglorioussuccessmnofdoctorsandpupils
,
andtheotherhalfinthereflectedlightofitsuniversalinfluence.ThusMethodiushasnootherdistinctionthanthatwhichhederivesfromhiswholesomecorrectionsofOrigen
,
andyettheinfluenceofOrigenuponhisownmindisbetrayedeveninhisantagonisms.Heobjectstotheexcessiveallegorizingofthatgreatdoctor
,
yethehimselfallegorizestoomuchinthesamespirit.FinallywecometoArnobius
,
whocarriesonthelineofLatin
C
hristianityinNorthernAfrica;butevenherewefindthatClement,andnotTertullian,ishismodel.Hegivesus
,
inaLatindress
,
notalittledirectlyborrowedfromthegreatAlexandrian.Thisvolumefurtherdemonstrates--whatIhavesooftentouchedupon--thehistoricfactthatprimitiveChristianitywasGreekinformandcharacter
,
Greekfromfirsttolast
,
Greekinallitsformsofdogma
,
worship,andpolity.OneideaonlydiditborrowfromtheWest
,
andthatnotfromtheecclesiastical
,
butthecivil
,
Occident.Itconformeditselftotheimperialplanofex-archates
,
metropoles,anddioceses.Intothiscivilschemeitshapeditself
,
notbydesign,butbyforceofcircumstances,justastheAnglo-Americancommunionfellinwiththenationalpolity,andtookshapeindmceseseachoriginall
y
conterminouswithaState.Becauseitwasthecapitaloftheempire,thereforeRomewasreckonedthe
first,
butnotthechief,ofSees
,
astheCouncilofNiceeadeclared;andbecauseByzantiumhadbecome"NewRome
,
"thereforeitismade
second
onthelist
,
butequalindignity.RomewasthesoleApostolicSeeoftheWest,and
,
assuch,reflectedthehonoursofSt.Paul
,
itsfounder
,
andofSt.Peter
,
whoalsoglorifieditbymartyrdom;butnotawordofthisisrecognisedatNicaeaasinvestingitevenwithamoralprimacy.ThatwasinformallytheendowmentofAlexandria;unassertedbecauseunquestioned
,
andunchallengedbecauseasyetunholyambitmnhadnotinfectedtheApostolicchurches.Itistime
,
then,todisabusetheWestofitsnarrowideasconcerningecclesiasticalhistory.DeanStanleyrebukedthisspiritinhisL
ect
u
reson
th
e
E
asternC
h
urc
h.*Hecomplainedthat"EasternChristendomiscomparativelyanuntroddenfield;"hequotedtheGermanprov
er
b
,
3"Behindthemountainsthereisyetapopulation;"hecalledonustoenlargeourpettyOcci
-
dentalhorizon;andheaddedwordsofreproachwhichinviteustoreformtheentireschemeof
z
See
t
heEd
i
n
b
ur
gh
s
er
i
es.
_
Seep.3
,
ed.ofz86
_
.
$
"
H
i
nterdemBergesin
da
uchLeut
c
.
"
v

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