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Information Systems

Information Systems

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Published by Firdaus Ahmad

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Published by: Firdaus Ahmad on Oct 25, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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06/16/2014

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Definition ( 6.1.1)Give the meaning of data, information and information systems.(6.1.1.1)
Data
Data are unorganized raw facts,
made up of words, numbers, images, sounds, or a combination of these .
It has little value.Information
is organized data
is valuable and meaningful to specific user
conveys meaning and is useful to peopleInformation systems
is a collection of hardware, software, data, people, and procedures thatwork together to produce a quality information.
Usage of Information Systems In Various Fields ( 6.1.2)State the usage of Information Systems in education, business andmanagement. (6.1.2.1)
FieldGeneral usage1. Education1.to keep track of students statistics and grades. E.g :EMIS, SMM2.help students and teachers in online learning anddiscussion. E.g: Moodle, USM3.store subject content. E.g : mySchoolNet, IIUM e-learning2. Business1.Carry out online buying and selling. E.g : Lelong.com,amazon.com2.Help planning and tracking the delivery of goods andservices.E.g : UPS.com, FedEx. Express3. Make room bookings and for checking the best rates.E.g : Genting Online Booking, Booking.com4. Managing accounts and stock. Eg using UBS3. Management1.For human resource management e.g process salary,commission and promotion . give eg
 
2.analyze products, services and product prices.3.process customer orders, organize production timesand keep track of product inventory.
Information System Components (6.1.3 )List the Information System Components
 
(6.1.3.1)
  There are 5 components of the Information System:
Data
Hardware
Software
People
Procedure
Define each of the Information System components (6.1.3.2)Describe the interrelation between Information System componentsusing a diagram (6.1.3.3)ComponentDefinition
Data
Raw or unprocessed facts such as text, numbers,images, audio and video.Hardware
Physical equipment that processes the data tocreate information such as keyboard, mouse,monitor and printer.Software
A computer program that enables the hardware toprocess data.People
Individuals who communicate with the system suchas customers, employees, students, data entryclerks, and accountants.Procedure
Set of rules about how to combine components of information systems.
 
DataHardwareSoftwarePeopleProcedure
 
the interrelation between the components of an Information Systems. The interrelation between the components of an Information Systems is whenRaw facts (data) is entered into Information System by a user (people) usingcomputers (hardware) with the help of computer programs (software) followingspecified instructions (proceduresIn an Information System, hardware, software, data, people and procedurework together to produce information from processed data.Example: SMM system(software) allows a teacher(user) to key-in student’sbiodata (data) through the keyboard (hardware) using procedures that hasbeen set by KPM.**People is anyone whom build and use the system, using hardware andsoftware to help monitor and control process by using standard proceduressets in organization in which data stored will be used to produce informationbased on requirements.
Types of Information Systems (6.1.4)List five types of Information Systems (6.1.4.1)
5 types of Information Systems are:
Management Information System (MIS)
 Transaction Processing System (TPS)
Decision Support System (DSS)
Executive Information System (EIS)
Expert System (ES)/ Artificial Intelligent (AI)
State the usage of each type of information system (6.1.4.2):

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