Equilibrium operating point is instant in which motor torque equals to the load torque.
6. Define steady state stability.
The steady state stability is the ability of the drive to restore to its equilibrium pointafter a small departure from it due to a disturbance in the motor or load.
7. What are the advantages of electrical drives?
i.They have flexible control characteristics.ii.They are available in wide range of torque, speed and power.iii.Electric motors have high efficiency, low no load losses and considerable short timeoverloading capacity.iv.They are adoptable to almost any operating conditions such as explosive environment,submerged, vertical mountings and so on.v.They do not pollute the environment.vi.Can operate in all the four quadrants of speed torque plane.vii.They can be started instantly and can immediately be fully loaded.
8. What is meant by acceleration?
Drive operates in acceleration whenever an increase in its speed is required. For thisspeed-torque curve is changed so that the motor torque exceeds the load torque (T
9. What is meant by deceleration?
Motor operation in deceleration mode is required when a decrease in its speed isrequired. Deceleration occurs when load torque exceeds the motor torque (i.e, T
).Whenever the reducing the motor torque to zero does not provide enough deceleration,mechanical brakes may be provided. Alternatively, electrical braking may be employed.
10. What are the three modes of operation of electrical drive?
i.Steady stateii.Acceleration including startingiii.Deceleration including stopping
11. Write down the fundamental torque equation.
T dt d J T
The torque developed by the motor (T) is counter balanced by the load torque (T
) and adynamic torque, J(dω
12. What do you mean by four quadrant operation?
Quadrant I : Forward MotoringQuadrant II : Forward BrakingQuadrant III : Reverse MotoringQuadrant IV: Reverse Braking
13. What are the different types of drives?
i.Group Driveii.Individual driveiii.Multimotor Drive
14. Mention some of the applications of electrical drives?