Relationship between Compressive, Split Tensile, Flexural Strength
There appears to be no codal specifications for SCC in any country except theguidelines by EFNARC
European Federation for Specialist Construction Chemicals and Concrete Systems
, formulated in Europe. However the Technology developers haveevolved certain study methodologies based on application needs.
proposed a mix design method for SCC based on paste and mortar studiesfor superplasticizer compatibility followed by trail mixes. However, it is emphasized thatthe need to test the final product for passing ability, filling ability, and flow andsegregation resistance is more relevantVengala
found that use of fine fly ash for obtaining Self Compacting Concreteresulted in an increase of the 28 day Compressive Strength Concrete by about 38%. Self Compacting Concrete was achieved when volume of paste was between 0.43 and 0.45.Subramanian and Chattopadhyay
described the results of trails carried out to arriveat an approximate mix proportioning of Self Compacting Concrete. Self Compatibilitywas achieved for Water to Powder ratio ranging from 0.9 to 1.1 when Coarse Aggregateand Sand content were restricted to 46 % and 40% of the mortar volume respectively.Dr.Srinivasa Rao. P
had proposed the relation ship between Splitting TensileStrength and Compressive Strength by the test results and found that Split TensileStrength is proportional to 0.78 power of Compressive Strength for normal concrete.Dr.Malathy
had developed the mix design for different grades of concretes andstudied the flow properties and strength properties for Self compacting Concrete.
In fact, concrete researchers have shown that the true tensile strength, as determined fromthe split cylinder test, is between 65 and 75 per cent of the modulus of rupture for normalconcrete. It has been well established that the splitting tensile test of the cylindricalspecimen gives more reasonable tensile strength estimation than the direct tensile test orthe modules of rupture test. The acceptance of the split cylinder test is based on the factthat the stress distribution is reasonably uniform along the vertical diameter of thecylinder, which has been shown to be the plane of principle tensile stress for about 80 percent of its length.In a number of recent investigations of the behaviour of actual concrete dams duringearthquakes, it has become apparent that a limiting factor has been that the tensilestrength of any concrete is only a fraction of its compressive strength. However, ACIbuilding code provisions are primarily based on tests of relatively mature concreteelements, and provisions may not provide consistent safety margins when applied toyoung concrete. In ACI, such strengths as modulus of rupture, shear, and splitting tensilestrength of concrete are expressed in terms of the square root of the compressive strength.These empirical relationships were derived from tests on relatively mature concretespecimens, and the square root function was probably chosen as a matter of convenienceso that calculations could be readily performed with a slide rule. However, recentresearch has shown that a square root relationship between splitting tensile strength and