result from poor investment practices rather than the much-hyped technical error. Yet as thevirtual economy crumbled in the fourth quarter of 2001 along with hopes for the web as astable community space, a new Internet was rising from the ashes.
Sensing fertile soilfollowing the failure of its predecessor, “Web 2.0” took root and began to grow.Web 2.0 can be understood as an emerging phenomenon that is as much a new technology asit is a computing paradigm, lifestyle, ideology, and even epistemology. Unlike the oldInternet, Web 2.0 promises organic content, distributed processing and interaction, andconverging media formats. Within this conceptual framework, “the Internet” is no longer amedia delivery system by which individual users (as “consumers”) request content from large,centralized corporate servers. Instead, Web 2.0 operates as an interdependent grassrootscommunity of individuals, organizations, and sites whose relevance and authority areestablished through interaction and participation – in short, a quintessentially
. Freelance writer and blogger Kevin Kelly describes the phenomenon as a way toextend his
“…passion to a far wider group for no extra cost or effort. In this way, my site is part of a…visibleunderground of valuable creations - text, music, film, software, tools, and services - all given away forfree. This gift economy fuels an abundance of choices…It permits easy modification and reuse, and thus
promotes consumers into producers
Kelly and other “technologists” envision Web 2.0 as a virtual space in a perpetual state of emergence, continually reshaping itself as users publish text and multimedia content,comment upon others’ work, and celebrate contributions, collectively crafting a new publicculture.
“…is another man’s nightmare.”
However, this sentiment is far from universal. Traditional media outlets are recognizing thedualistic potential and concomitant threat of Web 2.0. In December 2006, Time Magazine
Fittingly, the Mozilla Foundation released
, the forerunner to Firefox and later, Flock (the de facto browsers of Web 2.0) shortly following the “dot-com crash” in 2002.
Wired Magazine, August 2005 (emphasis mine). Kevin’s blog is located at http://www.kk.org.