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Table Of Contents

Label Format
Label Encapsulations
Relevant MPLS Capabilities
Traditional IP over ATM
IP+ATM Integration
MPLS VPN – Layer 3
Why Providers like MPLS VPN…
MPLS VPN – Layer 2
Traffic Engineering
Functional Components
Forwarding Component
Control Component
MPLS Forwarding Decisions
MPLS: Forwarding
Label Stacking
Internet Scalability
ATM Cell Based MPLS Example: Packet Forwarding
Summary
Benefits of MPLS
MPLS VPN Overview
Agenda
What is an MPLS-VPN?
VPN Models
The Overlay model
The Peer model
MPLS-VPN = True Peer model
MPLS-VPN Overview
MPLS VPN Connection Model
MPLS VPN Components
VPN Components
PE-CE Routing
PE-CE routing protocols
Routing Protocol Contexts
OSPF and Single Routing Instances
EIGRP PE-CE Routing
Routing Tables
IGP and label distribution in the backbone
VPN Routing and Forwarding Table
Multi-Protocol BGP
MPLS VPN Requirements
Site-To-Site Route Propagation
MPLS VPN Protocols
MPLS-VPN Architecture
What is Traffic Engineering??
ISSUES WITH IGP ROUTING
The Problem With Shortest-Path
MPLS-TE Example
The “Overlay” Solution
“Overlay” solution: drawbacks
Traffic engineering with Layer 3 what is missing ?
Motivation for Traffic Engineering
Tunnel Setup
Trunk Attributes
Tunnel Bandwidth
Metric Selection (TE vs. IGP metric)
Tunnel Affinity
Tunnel Affinity (Cont.)
Example0: 4-bit string, default
Example1a: 4-bit string
Example1b: 4-bit string
Example1c: 4-bit string
Example2a: 4-bit string
Example2b: 4-bit string
Example2c: 4-bit string
Tunnel Path Selection
Dynamic Path Option
Explicit Path Option
Explicit Path Option (Cont.)
How does ERO come into play?
Link Attributes
Bandwidth
Link Affinity
Administrative Weight
What a Distance Vector Protocol Sees
What a Link-State Protocol Sees
Link-State Protocol Extensions/ IGP Flooding
OSPF Extensions
IS-IS Extensions
Information Distribution
Significant Change
Per-Priority Available BW
Constrained-based Path Computation (C-SPF)
Path Calculation
Path Calculation (C-SPF)
BW/Policy Example
Path Setup (RSVP Extensions)
Path Setup
RSVP Extensions to RFC2205 for LSP Tunnels
RSVP Extensions for TE
Path maintenance
Identifying TE-tunnels
Path Maintenance
Path Maintenance in action
Make-Before-Break objectives
Re-optimization
Re-optimization Triggers
Disabling Re-optimization
MPLS-TE: traffic aspects of TE tunnels
Mapping Traffic to Path
Routing Traffic Down a Tunnel
Forwarding Adjacency
ATM Model
Before FA
Enhancement to SPF - metric check
Absolute/Relative/Fixed Metric in action
Relative Metric in action
Fixed Metric in action
Absolute Metric in action
Load Sharing with TE tunnels
Unequal Cost Example
Monitoring Traffic in TE tunnels
Auto Bandwidth
MPLS-TE: Advanced TE topics
Terminology
IP Failure Recovery
FRR Failure Recovery
Link Protection Example
Normal TE Operation
Fast Reroute Link Failure
FRR Procedures
Link and Node Protection Times
Enabling Inter-area TE
Prerequisite Configuration (Global)
Build a Tunnel Interface (Headend)
Tunnel Attributes
Multiple Path Calculations
Static and Policy Routing Down a Tunnel
Autoroute and Forwarding Adjacency
Multiple Services over a Converged Infrastructure
Why is L2VPN needed?
Introduction to Layer 2 and Layer 3 VPN Services
Layer 3 and Layer 2 VPN Characteristics
L2VPN - Simple definition
L2VPN Models
Pseudowire—
VPWS—Pseudowire Reference Model
Building Blocks for L2VPNs— Data Plan Components—MPLS Core
Building Blocks for L2VPNs— Data Plan Components—FR Example
Building Blocks for L2VPNs—Control Plane
LDP Signaling Overview
L2VPN LDP Extended Discovery
L2VPN LDP Session Establishment
L2VPN—Pseudowire Label Binding
New VC FEC Element
Pseudowire VC Type
L2VPNs—Label Stacking
Generic Control Word—
VPWS Transports—Encapsulations
VPWS Transports
VPWS Transports Service—Reference Model
VPWS EoMPLS—
VPWS FRoMPLS—
VPWS CRoMPLS—
VPWS CPKoMPLS—Encapsulation
VPWS CPKoMPLS—
VPWS AAL5oMPLS—
VPWS PPPoMPLS/HDLCoMPLS—
Frame Format CE — LER
Frame Format LER—LSR
Frame Format LER—LSR (Cont.)
Frame Format LSR—LSR
Frame Format LSR—LER
Point-to-Point VLAN over MPLS
Point-to-Point Cell Relay over MPLS
VPLS: Customer View
VPLS—Overview
VPLS Components
VPLS Auto-Discovery and Signaling
VPLS: Layer 2 Forwarding Instance Requirements
VPLS Overview: MAC Address Withdrawal
VPLS and H-VPLS
QOS IN MPLS NETWORKS
Prerequisites
MPLS QoS Architectures
Differentiated Services Architecture
What’s Unchanged in MPLS Support of DiffServ
What’s New in MPLS Support of DiffServ
EXP-Inferred-PSC* LSP (E-LSP)
Label-Only-Inferred-PSC* LSP (L-LSP)
E-LSP vs. L-LSP
MPLS Support of DiffServ: All Done with Modular QoS CLI (MQC)
MQC Snapshot
MPLS TE Overview
How MPLS TE Works
DS-TE Bandwidth Pools: Maximum Allocation Model (MAM)
DS-TE Bandiwdth Pools: Russian Dolls Model (RDM)
DS-TE Bandiwdth Pools: Why Russian Dolls Model?
Class-Based Tunnel Selection: CBTS
Dealing with Failure Scenarios
MPLS TE Fast Re-Route (FRR)
How MPLS TE FRR Works
Backbone Requirements
Selecting Utilization Level (x%)
Enforcing Utilization Level (x%)
What Should I Use in My Backbone?
Backbone with Nothing: No MPLS DiffServ and No MPLS TE
Backbone with MPLS TE
Backbone with MPLS DiffServ
Backbone with MPLS DiffServ and MPLS TE
Backbone with MPLS DiffServ and MPLS DS-TE
Bringing MPLS TE FRR into the Mix
What Model to Use?
QoS for IP Services
Site IP SLA
IP SLA Between Sites
IP SLA Enforcement
Let’s See How SLA enforcement Is Done IP QoS: Managed Service
IP QoS: Unmanaged Service
Sample PE Input Policy: Unmanaged Service
Sample CE Output Policy: Managed Service
How DiffServ Markings Interact: DiffServ Tunneling Modes
MPLS DiffServ Tunneling Modes
Uniform Mode
Pipe Mode
Short Pipe Mode
Local Packet Marking
DiffServ Tunneling Modes: Keep in Mind
Some Advanced Configurations: QoS Policy Propagation via BGP (QPPB)
QoS for Layer-2 Services
Layer-2 SLA Enforcement
Let’s See How SLA Enforcement Is Done Layer-2 QoS: User Interface
Layer-2 QoS: Network Interface
Encapsulation Details Layer-2 QoS: Frame Relay
Layer-2 QoS: ATM
Layer-2 QoS: Ethernet
Layer-2 QoS: PPP/HDLC
Coupling Layer-2 Services with MPLS TE Tunnel Selection
Interprovider QoS
Interprovider Service Class Definition
Signaling/Protocol QoS Extensions
SLA Budgets and Monitoring
Interprovider QoS Capabilities Today
Interprovider QoS Capabilities Today (Cont.)
Some Monitoring Tools: Monitoring Utilization Level (x%)
Cisco Class-Based QoS MIB
NetFlow MPLS Features Overview
NetFlow Partners
BGP Policy Accounting
Example: Multi-Protocol Measurement and Management with Cisco IOS IP SLAs
UDP Jitter Operation Packet Stream
Cisco IP SLA Reaction Conditions
Cisco IOS IP SLAs Partners
Provisioning: Cisco IP Solution Center
ISC QoS Management Features
ISC TE Management Features
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MPLS Tutorial Slides

MPLS Tutorial Slides

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Published by: cesarmg182 on Oct 26, 2010
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