before doing a medical operation
[U] low bushes and trees that grow invery dry soil
a loosegreen shirt
pants worn by doctors duringmedical operations
[C] a plastic or metal object ora brush that you use to clean pans or floors
[C] a stiff brush thatyou use for cleaning things --see picfure at
covered by low bushes:
skrAblamdi n. [U] land thaf is coveredwith low bushes
by the scruff of the neck
if you holda person or animal by the scruff of their neck, youhold fhe flesh, fur, or clothes at the back of the neck
dirty andmessy and not taken care of very well:
a scruffy sweatshirt
[C] an arrangement of players inthe game of
in which they are pushing veryclose together
[C usually plural] a belief about right and wrong that prevents you from doingsomething bad:
no scruples about
claiming other people's work as his own.
not scruple to do sth
to be willingto do something, even though it may have harmfulor bad effects:
They did not scruple to bombinnocent civilians.
1 careful to behonest and fair. and making sure that every detail iscorrect:
The finance department is always scrupulousabout their bookkeeping.
done very carefully so that every detail is correct:
This job requires scrupulous attention to detail.
adv.: Employees' hands must he kept scrupulously clean, --
n,a17./ v. [T] to examine someoneor something very thoroughly and carefully:
etectivesscrutinized the area. looking for clues.
Strategy 4: Keep a vocabulary notebook
When you encounter new words, write them in a notebook that you use only for vocabularyand not for other course work. (A small notebook is preferable so you can carry it around withyou.) This notebook will help you study vocabulary more effectively. With all your words in oneplace in the notebook, you can easily check your knowledge of words you have studied before.
How to organize and use the notebook:
Decide on a method for putting words in order. Many students prefer alphabetical order,though you may also order words according to other categories, such as topic or source(words from extensive reading books, words from
dvanced Reading Power,
and words fromother course books).
Use two pages in the notebook. On the left-hand page, write a word, the part of speech,and the word in syllables. Under the word, write the sentence in which you found it. Then,on the right-hand page, write the meaning. (Note: If you can learn the words more quicklyusing definitions in your native language, and your teacher agrees, you may write themeanings in that language.)
Check your knowledge of the words by covering one of the pages and trying to rememberthe information on the other.
omething that you think is true
How could you make an assumption although you have no proof about their family without meeting them?
Strategy 5: Use study cards
Study cards can help you review words and make them part of your permanent vocabulary.