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Alessandro Pandolfi

Alessandro Pandolfi

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Published by: jczenkoan on Oct 26, 2010
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12/3/08 11:41 PMAlessandro PandolfiPage 1 of 2http://www.generation-online.org/p/fpschmitt2.htm
Critique of formal democracy andrepresentation*
Alessandro Pandolfi
1) Democracy is until the end of modernity a practice of domination and a project of liberation, two aspects of thesame figure, Janus.2) For Schmitt : democracy is the triumph of the principle of identity and the accomplishment of idealism.3) War: Tronti says that we are not in a state of permanentwar because today there is a uniforming peace within whichdemocracy is reduced to being the power of all on each,rather than all on all. I disagree.1) I think these two sides are deinifetly dissociated. we have for a long timeexperienced this dissociation which we call the confrontation between empireand multitude, or end of dialectics. these are irreversible issues, the latterbeing not only a theoretical question, but a lived social practice; and thedissociation between apparatues, processes and dispositifs of command ad thereproduction of the world thoght labour through passion etc and the productivepowers. They are disocciated but still insist on one same point, on the samebodies, minds and epxeriences, but in radically different ways from modernones.2) it is effectively as Schmitt says, because the triumph of identificationbetween sovereign and subjects, betwene poeple and populist sovereiigntywould have been impossible if communication hadnt offered to sovereigity theinstruments most deadly ever existed. Murdoch and Berlusconi are not emergingfrom the mechanisms of the state but give to sovereignty the means to realisethe identification between people and sovereign, to realise idealism anddemocracy as absolute synthesis between constituent and constitutve power.3) it is true that war is not as omnipresent nor does it enjoy the representativestatus that is attributed to it, because its molecularisation is so powerful andradical that wars made with bombs or weapons of mass distruction are onlypeaks of a common condition. War is what allows the populist sovereign torealise the identification between poeple and sovereignty. War is the use bysovereignty of communication, what I call poverty: the fact of not having theoption to subtract oneself form a mechanism where the will of all isimmediately the will of the sovereign.Sovereignty and multitude break this Janus but insist on the same points, andconstitute the real. Our teachers told us that this relation is an absolutedualism, between command and the multitude the same tensions arise. Bothfrom the side of command and of multitude we have exited representation (forall the reasons we know already). But why has the multitude exited fromrepresentation? There are reasons to believe the multitude is a nonrepresentative subject.First, the multitude must be kept in political passivity and in productiveactivism, active in production and consumption. It is the most active subject

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