A bedouin once asked the prophet a person fights for the booty, another one forchivalry and the third one to show off. The prophet replied he who fights to raisedGod’s word is the one who is in God’s way.The penultimate hadith is:The prophet said, “Never wish to fight the enemy if you do meet him then be patient”.Agreed upon.The final hadith reveals the nature of fighting, “War is trickery”.
Ibn Hajar Al Asqalani (d. 852 Ah)
In Fath hul Bari says, “Al Jihad literally means toiling, labouring, facing hardship anddifficulty and in Shariah it means: exerting and struggling against the infidels it is alsoused for ‘mujahada tu shaitan’ struggling against the devil to reject his insinuationsand his lurings for lust”.Bukhari’s book of Al Jihad Was-sair (Book for fighting and marching) has 199sections containing 308 ahadith extolling, praising and teaching about every aspect of Jihad; The different categories of a mujahideen, the hours in paradise, wish to becomea martyr, the one who fights to raise the Divine name, the excellence of being amartyr, paradise lies under the shade of the sword, Chivalry in the battlefield.Women’s jihad: when and how to leave for jihad, dividing booty; the angels shade themartyr; the mujahids wish to return to the world; encouragement to fight, the prophetsinvitation to invite people to Islam, etc.From these medieval jurists to scholars we see the formulation of classical doctrine of Jihad as war. The evidence is from dozens of Quranic verses which are plain andclear. The details provided in the ahadith literature further elaborate this doctrine of jihad as war against injustice and evil. God says,“And if God had not enabled people to defend themselves against one another,corruption, chaos would certainly overwhelmed the earth: But God is limitless in hisbounty unto all the worlds ”.(Baqarah:251)In a similar verses in Surah Al Hajj God says,“If God had not allowed people to defend themselves against one another themonasteries, churches, synagogues and mosques…would have been destroyed”.(22:40)Here the justification for war is the defence of religious freedom.In order to fully understand the significance of the term ‘Jihad’ in Islam we must look at some forms of Jihad. We have just examined the most popular meaning of Jihad aswar. No matter how important this is for peace and justice it is still termed as Al Jihadal Asghar, the lesser jihad in the hadith. It is narrated that when the prophet wasreturning from Tabuk to Madinah he said, “We have just returned from a lesser Jihad