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Types of Concrete

Types of Concrete

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Published by Arun Lal

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Published by: Arun Lal on Oct 27, 2010
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01/07/2011

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Normal Concrete The concrete in which common ingredients i.e. aggregate, water, cement are usedis known as normal concrete. It is also called normal weight concrete or normalstrength concrete.It has a setting time of 30 - 90 minutes depending upon moisture in atmosphere,fineness of cement etc. The development of the strength starts after 7 days the common strength values is10 MPa (1450 psi) to 40 MPa (5800 psi). At about 28 days 75 - 80% of the totalstrength is attained.Almost at 90 days 95% of the strength is achieved.Properties of Normal ConcreteIts slump varies from 1 - 4 inches.Density ranges from 140 pcf to 175 pcf.It is strong in compression and weak in tension.Air content 1 - 2 %.Normal concrete is not durable against severe conditions e.g. freezing and thawing. High strength concrete
 
Compressive strength of high strength concrete mix is usually greater than 6,000pounds per square inch.High strength concrete is made by lowering the water cement (W/C) ratio to 0.35 orlower.Often silica fume is added to prevent the formation of free calcium hydroxidecrystals in the cement, which might reduce the strength at the cement aggregatebond.Low w/c ratios and the use of silica fume make concrete mixes significantly lessworkable, which is particularly likely to be a problem in high-strength concreteapplications where dense rebar cages are likely to be used. To compensate for thereduced workability in the high strength concrete mix, superplasticizers arecommonly added to high-strength mixtures.Aggregate must be selected carefully for high strength mixes, as weakeraggregates may not be strong enough to resist the loads imposed on the concreteand cause failure to start in the aggregate.Back to topHigh Performance Concrete This mix has the following main properties:High strength.High workability.High durability.Ease of placement.Compaction without segregation.Early age strength.
 
Long-term mechanical properties.Permeability.Density.Heat of hydration. Toughness.Volume stability.Long life in severe environments.PreparationHigh strength concrete mix can be prepared with careful selection of ingredientsand optimization of mix design.High workability is attained by super plasticizers, they lower the water cement ratioto 0.25 which is the amount required only for hydration process.High durability is attributed to fly ash and silica fume which modify the e mineralogyof the cement; it enhances the compatibility of ingredients in concrete mass andreduces the CH amount. Fly ash also causes ball bearing effect increasingworkability. The admixtures are 20-25% fly ash of partial replacement of cement and rest 70%is Ordinary Portland Cement.As it is not usually durable against freezing and thawing so air entrained agents canalso be utilized.Properties of high performance concrete mixStrengthof high performance concrete ranges from 10000 psi - 15000 psiWater cement ratio can be reduced to 0.25

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