n 'Endemic Species' is one that is only found in a particular region and nowhere else in the world. Since these species arenot widespread and may be confined to only one or two protected areas, they are of great conservation concern.
Endemism is theecologicalstate of being unique to a particular geographic location, such as a specific island,habitattype, nation or other defined zone. To be
endemic to a place or area means that it is found only in that part of the world and nowhere else. For example, all species of lemur are endemic to the island oMadagascar . There are 50 species, all native to the island.
India has many endemic plant and vertebrate species. Among plants, species endemism is estimated at 33% with c. 140endemic genera but no endemic families (Botanical Survey of India, 1983). Areas rich in endemism are north-east India, theWestern Ghats and the north-western and eastern Himalayas. A small pocket of local endemism also occurs in the EasternGhats (MacKinnon & MacKinnon, 1986). The Gangetic plains are generally poor in endemics, while the Andaman and NicobarIslands contribute at least 220 species to the endemic flora of India (Botanical Survey of India, 1983)BIOGEOGRAPHICAL CLASSIFICATION IN INDIA
Biogeography deals with the geographical distribution of plants and animals. Communities of plants and animals in differentgeographical areas of the world differ widely from each other. Biogeography is divided into branches: i] Phyto-geography andii] Zoo-geography.Phyto-geography (plant geography) deals with origin, distribution and environmental interrelationships of plants.Zoogeography deals with the migration and distribution of animals.From the stand point of biodiversity, India is given the status of a “Mega-diversity” zone.CISSPThere are 10 biogeographic