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Line robot follower

Line robot follower

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Published by atul mishra
ACKNOWLEDGEMENT We would first of all, We like to thanks Mr. Vishwas Kumar, Ms. Palak Aggarwal (Lecturer, Dept. of EE, JNU, Jaipur), for giving us the opportunity to work with this technology. He has been highly available and highly supportive during the project. We are highly inspired by his dedication to work, as he made continuous efforts to make this project successful. Working under him was a wonderful experience. We are also grateful to have an opportunity to work with Mr. Devendra Doda (S
ACKNOWLEDGEMENT We would first of all, We like to thanks Mr. Vishwas Kumar, Ms. Palak Aggarwal (Lecturer, Dept. of EE, JNU, Jaipur), for giving us the opportunity to work with this technology. He has been highly available and highly supportive during the project. We are highly inspired by his dedication to work, as he made continuous efforts to make this project successful. Working under him was a wonderful experience. We are also grateful to have an opportunity to work with Mr. Devendra Doda (S

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Categories:Types, Research
Published by: atul mishra on Oct 27, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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09/09/2013

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ACKNOWLEDGEMENT
We would first of all, We like to thanks Mr. Vishwas Kumar, Ms. Palak Aggarwal (Lecturer,Dept. of EE, JNU, Jaipur), for giving us the opportunity to work with this technology.He has been highly available and highly supportive during the project. We are highly inspiredby his dedication to work, as he made continuous efforts to make this project successful.Working under him was a wonderful experience.We are also grateful to have an opportunity to work with Mr. Devendra Doda (SeniorLecturer, Dept. of EE , JNU, Jaipur), who had kept us on our toes and guiding us at eachstep. We learned not only the technical aspects but also the practical qualities of working as ateam.
 
Introduction:
-For my final project, I decided to make a line-follower robot. This simplerobot is designed to be able to follow a black line on the ground without getting off the line too much. The robot has two sensors installed underneath the front part of thebody, and two DC motors drive wheels moving forward. A circuit inside takes an
input signal from two sensors and controls the speed of wheels‘ rotation. The control
is done in such a way that when a sensor senses a black line, the motor slows down oreven stops. Then the difference of rotation speed makes it possible to make turns. Forinstance, in the figure on the right, if the sensor somehow senses a black line, thewheel on that side slows down and the robot will make a right turn.
 
What is a line follower?
Line follower is a machine that can follow a path. The path can be visible like a black line on a white surface (or vice-versa) or it can be invisible like a magnetic field.
Why build a line follower?
Sensing a line and maneuvering the robot to stay on course, while constantlycorrecting wrong moves using feedback mechanism forms a simple yet effective
closed loop system. As a programmer you get an opportunity to ‗teach‘ the robot how
to follow the line thus giving it a human-like property of responding to stimuli.Practical applications of a line follower: Automated cars running on roads withembedded magnets; guidance system for industrial robots moving on shop floor etc.
 
Block Diagram:Fig.1 Block diag. Of Track Follower Robot
1.2. DESCRIPTION OF BLOCK DIAGRAM
 TRACK FOLLOWERSENSOR:-We used Infrared Emitter-Sensor pair for sensing the track. When theemitter passes over the white surface the light from it is reflected back to the sensorwhereas on black surface light doesn
‘t reflect back and thus resistance of sensor goes
high which intern switches off the motor.AMPLIFIER
-
In this we used NPN transistor BC548 as the amplifier circuit. Itamplifies the low intensity sensor signal and provides it to the input of the motordriving circuit.CALIBRATION CIRCUIT
-
A preset or variable resistor of value 500K is used toadjust the sensitivity of the sensor.MOTOR DRIVEN CIRCUIT
-
L293D is used as motor driving circuit whichresponses accordingly to the low input signal provided by the amplifier circuit.MOTOR-In this we used the DC MOTORS which are used to move the followerahead.

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