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Thermal Radiation Lab Report

Thermal Radiation Lab Report

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Published by: Torkk on Oct 27, 2010
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07/22/2013

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The Emissivity of Different Surfaces
Patrick McAtee| Thermodynamics | 25 October 2010
 
Introduction
According to thermodynamics, thermal radiation is the electromagnetic radiation emitted by a body as aresult of its temperature [1]. What is of interest in this lab, however, is that the thermal radiationemitted by different objects at the same temperature can be of different values, although this is notalways immediately obvious. The purpose of this lab will be to show quantitatively that the radiationemitted by four different surfaces is not equal to each other
Materials
y
 
Ohmmeter
y
 
Millivolt meter
y
 
Thermal Radiation Cube
y
 
Radiation Sensor
y
 
Westward Infrared Thermometer
Methods
The procedure can be found in Instruction Manual and Experiment Guide for the Pasco ScientificThermal Radiation System, pages 5 and 6, which is available online [2]. After taking the measurementswith the radiation sensor, the infrared sensor was also used to find the actual temperate for the surface,whereas the radiation sensor gave a value in units of millivolts. This was the only addendum to themethods described in the lab manual.
Data
Power Setting - 5.0Thermistor Resistance  11
;
 Temperature - 79.5
r
C
Surface Sensor Reading (mV)Temperature Reading (
r
C)Black
0.008 81.1
W
hite
0.006 82.1
Polished Aluminum
0.000 24.8
Dull Aluminum
0.002 35.2
 
Power Setting  6.5Thermistor Resistance  8.6
;
 Temperature - 87
r
C
Surface Sensor Reading (mV)Temperature Reading (
r
C)Black
0.009 89.0
W
hite
0.009 91.0
Polished Aluminum
0.000 27.6
Dull Aluminum
0.002 37.8Power Setting  8Thermistor Resistance  4.7
;
 Temperature - 105
r
C
Surface Sensor Reading (mV)Temperature Reading (
r
C)Black
0.014 108.9
W
hite
0.014 112
Polished Aluminum
0.000 28.3
Dull Aluminum
0.003 44.1Power Setting  10Thermistor  2.9
;
 Temperature  121
r
C
Surface Sensor Reading (mV)Temperature Reading (
r
C)Black
0.018 123.7
W
hite
0.018 128.1
Polished Aluminum
0.001 29.4
Dull Aluminum
0.004 47.0
Results
 
From the results it can be seen with relative ease that the radiation emitted by a surface beingwarmed by the same light bulb is not the same. The ohmmeter was allowed to reach thermalequilibrium in each of the above cases, yet the sides did not match up in temperature, hencethey were not emitting the same amount of thermal radiation
 

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