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Boundary Layer Flat Plate

# Boundary Layer Flat Plate

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12/10/2012

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1
SOLUTION FOR THE BOUNDARY LAYER ON A FLAT PLATE
Consider the following scenario.1.A
p
otential flow has constant velocity U in the x direction.2.An infinitely thin flat
p
late is
p
laced into this flow so that the
p
late is
p
arallel to the
p
otential flow (0
angle of incidence
).Viscosity should retard the flow, thus creating a boundary layer on either side of the
p
late. Here only the boundary layer on one side of the
p
late is considered. The flow is assumed to be laminar.Boundary layer theory allows us to calculate the
drag on the plate!
xy
H
UUulate

2
H
UUulate
A s
tea
dy, r
e
c
t
i
l
in
ea
r po
te
n
t
i
al
l
ow in
t
h
e
x dir
e
c
t
ion is d
e
scrib
e
d by
t
h
e

elat
ions According
t
o B
e
rno
ull
i¶s
equat
ion for po
te
n
t
i
al
l
ows,
t
h
e
dyn
a
micpr
e
ss
u
e
of
t
h
e
po
te
n
t
i
al
l
ow p
pd
is r
elate
d
t
o
t
h
e
v
el
oci
t
y fi
el
d
a
sB
et
w
ee
n
t
h
e

a
bov
e

t
wo
equat
ions,
t
h
e
n, for
t
his f
l
ow
0yv,
U
x
u
,
U
x
!xJx!!xJx!!J
cons
t
)v
u
(p
pd
! V
0ypxp
pdpd
!xx!xx

3
BOUNDARY LAYER EQUATIONS FOR A FLAT PLATE
xy
H
UU
u
p
ate
F
or
t
h
e
c
a
s
e
of
a
s
tea
dy,
a
min
a
r bo
u
nd
a
ry
a
y
e
r on
a
at
p
ate

at
0
a
ng
e
of incid
e
nc
e
, wi
t
h v
a
nishing impos
e
d pr
e
ss
u
e
gr
a
di
e
n
t
,
t
h
e
bo
u
nd
a
ry
a
y
e
equat
ions
a
nd bo
u
nd
a
ry condi
t
ions b
e
com
e
(s
ee
Sid
e
15 of Bo
u
nd
a
ryL
a
y
e
rApprox.pp
t
wi
t
h dp
pds
/dx = 0)
0yvx
u
y
u
y
u
vx
uu
22
!
xxxxxxR
!
xxxx
U
u
,0v,0
u
y0y0y
!!!
g!!!
T
a
ng
e
n
t
i
a

a
nd norm
a
v
e
oci
t
i
e
sv
a
nish
at
bo
u
nd
a
ry:
ta
ng
e
n
t
i
a
v
e
oci
t
y = fr
ee
s
t
ea
m v
e
oci
t
y f
a
from p
ate
0yvx
u
y
u
dxdp1y
u
vx
uu
22
pds
!
xxxxxxR
!
xxxx

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