In 1823, a British Mathematician 'Charles Babbage' developed a steam power calculator called difference engine. In 1937, Howard H. Aiken began a project with thesupport of IBM Corporation in Howard university, and he completed a machine calledMark-1 in 1944. The Mark-1 was 8-feet high and 55 feet long and sounded like a roomfull of old ladies. It was an 1st electromechanical device.
Generation of Computer
:There are six Generation of computer:
First Generation of Computer :(1945 -1950)
The Generation of computer were based on vacuum tube technology.The first Generation of computer were large in size slow in speed.And expensive. ENIAC Stand for Electronic Numerical Integrated and computer.Mark –I, Mark –
Vacuum tube technology made possible the start of electronic digital computers. Fastestcalculating devices of their time. Computations/Processes were done in milliseconds
Size of ENIAC was 1500 square feet, and weighed30 tons.
(A vacuum tube failure occurred on average once every 7minutes and it took about 15minutes to find and replace the faulty tube.
(due to thousands of Vacuum tubes).
of individual components into a function unit.
– these computers were fixed on their place.
Second Generation (1950-1959).
The computers of this Generation were based on Transistor technology. (Vacuum tubereplace by transistor). The transistor was small in size, fast in Operation and lessexpensive then Vacuum tube. The Speed of these Computer was high. E,g IBM _1401.
small in size
. The first transistor was one-hundredth of the size of avacuum tube.