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Climate Change and Local Impact-Synergy between Adaptation and Renewable Energy Development for Nepal

Climate Change and Local Impact-Synergy between Adaptation and Renewable Energy Development for Nepal

Ratings: (0)|Views: 484 |Likes:
Published by Ranjan Parajuli
The level of Carbon dioxide (CO2), which is regarded as a principal greenhouse gas have risen more than ten-fold since the start of the industrial revolution. With the current trend of CO2 emissions it has been expected that its concentration could reach twice than the pre-industrial level by the mid of this century. The result of which, is the commonly known terminology- global warming and climate change. Climate change will exacerbate impacts such as droughts, floods and extreme weather events, which may contribute to food shortages, infrastructure damage and the degradation of natural resources upon which livelihoods are based. It is not just an environmental issue but also issues of degradation of the economic and social dimensions of sustainable development and millennium development goals. To address the issues generated due to climate change at different levels a number of efforts have been initiated, one of which is the mandate of Kyoto Protocol of United Nations Framework Conventions on Climate Change. As per the Kyoto mechanism carbon mitigation efforts have been initiated through Emission trading, Clean Development Mechanisms and Joint Implementation, which are entirely, based on the promotion of clean energy technologies and energy efficiency improvement measures for mitigating the level of CO2 equivalent. In the same context even though liberation of GHGs is low from developing countries than that of the developed/industrialized country, impact of climate change are more susceptible in developing world. Conference of Parties (COP-7) had put forwarded -necessity of raising funds and supporting to vulnerable communities and countries as per the need in the name of adaptation. Adaptation can be regarded as how people continue on doing what they are pursuing regardless there is adverse impact of climate change. Adaptation can be directly linked with building resilience capacity of vulnerable people, where economic and livelihood enhancements have a core values. Regardless, on the adaptation process- energy linkages are not explicitly defined but energy acts as a cross cutting tools in every social and economic development, hence role of energy hence should be identified for the adaptation process and building resilient capacity.
It has been identified that climate change has impacts on different areas including natural resources. This impacts eventually thus can be correlated with potential vulnerabilities to energy resources for e.g. to the supply potential of biomass energy resources (due to degradation in land use pattern, agriculture productivity, migration, loss of lives etc). It means that climate change has implications to the current and future energy demand and supply chain of the country as well. Energy since act as a cross cutting tools to every economic development; livelihood enhancement is also expected to get affected due to this changes, because basic and productive use of energy are minimized with poor and low access of energy. At the mean time, improving access to energy and its management can also compliment in improving adaptive capacity of rural and urban population by creating opportunity to undertake different economic activities. Hence, energy linkages with climate change adaptation should be discussed and outlined in two ways- one how climate change has impact to energy resource and technology and how this threats can be managed and maintained for normal living; secondly how energy access can compliment in millennium development goals and sustainable development to support in the adaptive processes. The paper highlights on the possible role of renewable energy for socio-economic development, which is complimentary part to the MDG as well. It has discussed potential avenues and activities for synergizing the local impacts and minimizing it by supporting the pre agreed targets of Millennium Development Goals.
The level of Carbon dioxide (CO2), which is regarded as a principal greenhouse gas have risen more than ten-fold since the start of the industrial revolution. With the current trend of CO2 emissions it has been expected that its concentration could reach twice than the pre-industrial level by the mid of this century. The result of which, is the commonly known terminology- global warming and climate change. Climate change will exacerbate impacts such as droughts, floods and extreme weather events, which may contribute to food shortages, infrastructure damage and the degradation of natural resources upon which livelihoods are based. It is not just an environmental issue but also issues of degradation of the economic and social dimensions of sustainable development and millennium development goals. To address the issues generated due to climate change at different levels a number of efforts have been initiated, one of which is the mandate of Kyoto Protocol of United Nations Framework Conventions on Climate Change. As per the Kyoto mechanism carbon mitigation efforts have been initiated through Emission trading, Clean Development Mechanisms and Joint Implementation, which are entirely, based on the promotion of clean energy technologies and energy efficiency improvement measures for mitigating the level of CO2 equivalent. In the same context even though liberation of GHGs is low from developing countries than that of the developed/industrialized country, impact of climate change are more susceptible in developing world. Conference of Parties (COP-7) had put forwarded -necessity of raising funds and supporting to vulnerable communities and countries as per the need in the name of adaptation. Adaptation can be regarded as how people continue on doing what they are pursuing regardless there is adverse impact of climate change. Adaptation can be directly linked with building resilience capacity of vulnerable people, where economic and livelihood enhancements have a core values. Regardless, on the adaptation process- energy linkages are not explicitly defined but energy acts as a cross cutting tools in every social and economic development, hence role of energy hence should be identified for the adaptation process and building resilient capacity.
It has been identified that climate change has impacts on different areas including natural resources. This impacts eventually thus can be correlated with potential vulnerabilities to energy resources for e.g. to the supply potential of biomass energy resources (due to degradation in land use pattern, agriculture productivity, migration, loss of lives etc). It means that climate change has implications to the current and future energy demand and supply chain of the country as well. Energy since act as a cross cutting tools to every economic development; livelihood enhancement is also expected to get affected due to this changes, because basic and productive use of energy are minimized with poor and low access of energy. At the mean time, improving access to energy and its management can also compliment in improving adaptive capacity of rural and urban population by creating opportunity to undertake different economic activities. Hence, energy linkages with climate change adaptation should be discussed and outlined in two ways- one how climate change has impact to energy resource and technology and how this threats can be managed and maintained for normal living; secondly how energy access can compliment in millennium development goals and sustainable development to support in the adaptive processes. The paper highlights on the possible role of renewable energy for socio-economic development, which is complimentary part to the MDG as well. It has discussed potential avenues and activities for synergizing the local impacts and minimizing it by supporting the pre agreed targets of Millennium Development Goals.

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Published by: Ranjan Parajuli on Oct 28, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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12/18/2012

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