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Behavior Study Guide

Behavior Study Guide

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Published by: owls_1102 on Oct 28, 2010
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05/02/2013

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Study Guide —BEHAVIORAL ECOLOGY
SHORT ANSWER 
1.Choose the most appropriate answer for each term.a.Animals process and integrate information gained from experiences, then use it to vary or change responses to stimuli. b.Well-defined environmental cues that trigger suitable responses.c.Term applied to genetically based behavioral reactions of hybrid offspring.d.Time-dependent form of learning; triggered by exposure to sign stimuli and usuallyoccurring during sensitive periods of young animals.e.A behavior performed without having been learned by actual environmental experience.f.A piece of information about the external or internal environment that has been detected by areceptor.g.A program of coordinated muscle activity that runs to completion independently of feedback from the environment.h.Observable, coordinated responses to stimuli.1.
 ______ 
intermediate response2.
 ______ 
stimulus3.
 ______ 
instinctive behavior 4.
 ______ 
sign stimuli5.
 ______ 
fixed action pattern6.
 ______ 
learned behavior 7.
 ______ 
imprinting8.
 ______ 
animal behavior 2.Choose the most appropriate statement for each of the following terms.a.Any behavior that helps perpetuate an individual's genes b.Behavior expressed as interactions among individuals of the same speciesc.Reproduction in which at least some of the offspring survived.A behavior that improves an individual's chance to reproduce regardless of theimpact on the populatione.Self-sacrificing behavior 1.
 ______ 
adaptive behavior 2.
 ______ 
reproductive success3.
 ______ 
social behavior 4.
 ______ 
selfish behavior 5.
 ______ 
altruistic behavior 
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3.Match each of the following terms to the appropriate statement.a.The signaler touches the receiver in a ritualized manner. b.Unambiguous cues sent and received by members of a species.c.A combination of signals that are used to relay the intensity of the message.d.A pattern of behavior that is a social signal.e.Announces that the signaler is about to attack the receiver.f.Induce the receiver to respond quickly.g.Cause physiological responses.h.These rituals must be performed prior to forming a mating pair.1.
 ______ 
communication signals2.
 ______ 
composite signal3.
 ______ 
communication display4.
 ______ 
signaling pheromones5.
 ______ 
 priming pheromones6.
 ______ 
threat display7.
 ______ 
courtship display8.
 ______ 
tactile display4.Complete the following table to supply the common names of the animals that fit the text examples of sexual selection.
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5.Choose the most appropriate statement for each of the following items.a.Competition for resources, rapid depletion of food resources, cannibalism, and greater vulnerability to disease. b.A simple society brought together by reproductive self-interest; in bluegill sunfish, thelarger, more powerful males tend to claim the central nesting locations.c.The alarm calls of some mammals, and the writhing, regurgitating reaction of Australiansawfly caterpillars to a disturbance.d.Some individuals of a baboon troop adopt a subordinate status with respect to the other members.e.Social groups of predatory animals.1.
 ______ 
disadvantages of sociality2.
 ______ 
dominance hierarchy3.
 ______ 
cooperative predator avoidance4.
 ______ 
the selfish herd5.
 ______ 
cooperative hunting6.A sexually reproducing, (1)____________________ parent caring for offspring is not helping exact(2)__________________ copies of itself. Each of its gametes, and each of its offspring, inherits(3)___________________ of its genes. Other individuals of the social group that have the same (4) _________________ also share genes with their parents. Two siblings are as (5) _______________ similar as a parent and its (6)___________________. Nephews and nieces share about(7) _______________ of their uncle's genes.(8)___________________ workers may be indirectly promoting genes for (9)_____ through altruistic behavior that will benefit their close (10)____________________. All of the individuals in honeybee,termite, and ant colonies are members of a great extended (11)____________________. Non-breedingfamily members support siblings, a few of which are future kings and (12)__________________.Although a guard bee dies after driving her stinger into a bear, siblings in the hive will perpetuatesome of her (13)____________________.7.___ The observable, coordinated responses that animals make to stimuli are what we call animal ______.a.imprinting b.instincts
c.
 behavior d.learning8.___ In ______, a particular behavior is performed without having been learned by actual experiencein the environment.a.natural selection b.altruistic behavior c.sexual selectiond.instinctive behavio
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