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Table Of Contents

0. FOREWORD
1. INTRODUCTION
1.1. ABB-GROUP
1.2. ABB Power Technology Distribution Transformers – PTDT
2. TRANSFORMER TYPES AND THEIR APPLICATION
2.1. LARGE DISTRIBUTION TRANSFORMERS, LDT
2.2. MEDIUM DISTRIBUTION TRANSFORMERS, MDT
2.3. SMALL DISTRIBUTION TRANSFORMERS, SDT
2.4. DRY-TYPE DISTRIBUTION TRANSFORMERS
2.4.1. Vacuum cast resin dry-type transformers
2.5. OTHER TRANSFORMER TYPES
2.5.1. Single phase transformers
2.5.2. Drives transformers
2.5.3. Additional products
3. INFORMATION REQUIRED WITH ENQUIRY AND ORDER
3.1. NORMAL INFORMATION
3.2. SPECIAL INFORMATION
3.3. PARALLEL OPERATIONS
3.4. ACCESSORIES
4. INSTALLATION, OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE
4.1. SAFETY PRECAUTIONS
4.2. INSTALLATION
4.2.1. Transport
4.2.2. Transfer of responsibility (Incoterms)
4.2.3. Handling, lifting
4.2.4. Receiving the transformer at site
4.2.5. Storage prior to energizing
4.2.6. Erection at site
4.2.7. Network connection
4.2.8. Earthing
4.2.9. Protective equipment
4.2.10. Insulation resistance, off-circuit/on-load tap changer
4.2.11. Off-circuit/on-load tap changer
4.2.12. Mechanical checks
4.2.13. Energizing
4.3. OPERATION
4.3.1. Lifetime
4.3.2. Temperature rise and load capacity
4.3.3. Parallel operation
4.3.4. Frequency
4.3.5. Protection devices
4.4. MAINTENANCE
4.4.1. Inspection during operation
4.4.2. Maintenance during operation
4.4.3. Inspection and maintenance during downtime
4.4.4. Investigation of transformer disturbances
4.4.5. Transformer liquid and insulation
4.4.6. Bushings and joints
4.4.7. Off-circuit tap changer
4.4.8. On-load tap changer
4.4.9. Liquid conservator with rubber sack
4.4.10. Gaskets
4.4.11. Surface protection
5. DISPOSAL AFTER USE
5.1. LOCAL REGULATIONS
5.2. REUSE
5.3. LANDFILL
5.4. LIFE CYCLE ASSESSMENT (LCA)
5.5. PCB-CONTAMINATED OIL
6. PHYSICAL FUNDAMENTALS
6.1. INTRODUCTION
6.2. CHOICE OF SYSTEM VOLTAGE
6.3. BASIC PHYSICS OF THE TRANSFORMER
6.4. EQUIVALENT DIAGRAM
6.5. VOLTAGE RATIO AND VOLTAGE DROP (OR RISE)
6.6. EFFICIENCY
6.7. NO LOAD (MAGNETISING) CURRENT AND NO LOAD LOSSES
6.8. LOAD LOSSES
6.9. SHORT-CIRCUIT IMPEDANCE
6.10. ABILITY TO WITHSTAND SHORT CIRCUIT CURRENTS
6.11. TRANSFORMER SOUND
7.2. CONDUCTOR MATERIALS
7.3. INSULATION MATERIALS
7.3.1. Solid insulation materials
7.3.2. Fluids
7.3.3. Other fluids
8. TESTING OF TRANSFORMERS
8.1. GENERAL REQUIREMENTS
8.2. ROUTINE TESTS
8.3. TYPE TESTS
8.4. SPECIAL TESTS
9. OVERVOLTAGES AND OVERVOLTAGE LIMITATION
9.1. LIMITATION OF TEMPORARY OVERVOLTAGES
9.1.1. Overvoltages due to earth-fault
9.1.2. Load rejection overvoltages
9.1.3. Overvoltages due to ferroresonance
9.2. LIMITATION OF TRANSIENT OVERVOLTAGES
9.3. SPECIAL PRECAUTIONS FOR DRY-TYPE TRANSFORMERS
9.3.1. Internal overvoltages caused by high frequency oscillations
9.4. TRANSFERRED OVERVOLTAGES IN TRANSFORMERS
10. MISCELLANEOUS
10.1. CE MARKING
10.2. DECLARATION OF CONFORMITY
10.3. IP-CLASSIFICATION
10.3.1. General
10.3.2. Degrees of protection against solid objects
10.3.3. Degrees of protection against water
10.3.4. Comparison to NEMA ratings
10.4. TERMINAL DESIGNATION, IDENTIFYING TERMINALS
10.4.1. Single phase transformer
10.4.2. Three phase transformer
10.5. RATING PLATE
10.6. ELECTROMAGNETIC COMPATIBILITY (EMC)
10.6.1. Definitions
10.6.2. Electromagnetic disturbances on transformers
10.6.3. Electromagnetic field in the vicinity of transformers
10.6.4. Effect of electromagnetic fields on humans
10.7. Quality, environment, sustainability
10.7.1. Quality
10.7.2. Environment
10.7.3. HSE, Health, safety and environment
10.7.4. Sustainability development
10.7.5. Customer review of management systems
10.8. UNITS AND CONVERSION TABLES
10.8.1. Basic Sl units
10.8.2. Multiples and sub-multiples of units
10.8.3. Electrical and magnetic quantities
10.8.4. General electrotechnical symbols
10.9. LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS
11.1.1. IEC Standards
11.1.2. CENELEC Standards
11.1.3. IEEE Standards
11.2. OTHER RELEVANT STANDARDS AND LITTERATURE
11.3. CONTRIBUTORS
11.4. FEEDBACK
4 FUNDAMENTAL REQUIREMENTS
4.1 General
5 INSULATION
6 EQUIPMENT
6.1 General requirements
7 INSTALLATIONS
7.1 General requirements
8 SAFETY MEASURES
8. 6 Protection against fire
9 PROTECTION, CONTROL AND AUXILIARY SYSTEMS
9.1 Monitoring and control systems
10 EARTHING SYSTEMS
10.1 General
10.2 Fundamental requirements
13. INDEX
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ABB Distribution Transformer Handbook(Step7)

ABB Distribution Transformer Handbook(Step7)

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Published by: salmanejaz786 on Oct 28, 2010
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