Welcome to Scribd, the world's digital library. Read, publish, and share books and documents. See more
Download
Standard view
Full view
of .
Save to My Library
Look up keyword
Like this
18Activity
0 of .
Results for:
No results containing your search query
P. 1
Blower

Blower

Ratings: (0)|Views: 574 |Likes:
Published by ghanshyam29998987

More info:

Published by: ghanshyam29998987 on Oct 29, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

08/13/2013

pdf

text

original

 
 GMSARN International Conference on Sustainable Development: Issues and Prospects for the GMS 12-14 Nov. 2008
 1
 
 Abstract
 
This paper deals with the application and use of centrifugal pumps that are universal today. In the beginning of this paper, the introduction to centrifugal pump is briefly described. There are many components in this pump. So, thecomponents and their functions are mentioned. Next, the review of centrifugal pump is described. According to theory, acentrifugal pump consists essentially of a runner or an impeller which carries number of backward curved vanes and rotatesin a casing. Liquid enters the pump at the center and work is done on it as it passes centrifugally outwards so that it leavesthe impeller with velocity and increased pressure. From this theory, theoretical head and slip are obtained. In this paper, theimpeller is designed to transport water and this design is considered by using Kyushu Method based on flow rate of 0.25m
3
 /min, head of 16m and motor speed of 3000 rpm. The outlet blade angle is assumed 22.5°, too. Moreover, the impeller dimensions from the mentioned method are gotten by executing MathCAD software. From these dimensions, isometricdrawing and 3D drawing of impeller are produced.
 Keywords
— Centrifugal pump, Impeller, Kyushu method, Pressure
.
 
1.
 
INTRODUCTION
The centrifugal pump was developed in Europe in the late1600’s and was seen in the United States in the early1800’s. It has been occurred in widely used only in thelast seventy-five years. Prior to that time, the vastmajority of pumping applications involved positivedisplacements pumps [2].The increased popularity of centrifugal pumps is duelargely to the comparatively recent development of highspeed electric motors, steam turbines, and internalcombustion engines. The centrifugal pump is a relativelyhigh speed machine and the development of high speeddrivers has made possible the development of compact,efficient pumps.A pump is device which lifts water from a lowerlevel to a higher level at the expense of mechanicalenergy. Thus, a pump is a power absorbing device used toincrease the pressure energy of liquid. The pressureenergy is increased by creating a region of low pressure(usually lower than the atmospheric pressure) near theinlet of the pump and a higher pressure at the outlet of thepump. Due to this low inlet pressure, the liquid rises tothe pump from a low level reservoir (sump) and the highpressure created inside the pump forces the liquid out of the pump to be delivered to the reservoir [2].Pumping may be defined as the addition of energy to afluid to move it from one point to another. The energygiven to the pump causes the fluid to do work flowingthrough the pipe rising to higher level. They can also beused for pumping liquid from a higher level to a lowerone, as well as lower level to a higher level, of very highhydraulic resistance. They operate by creating a pressure
Khin Maung Htwe is with the Mandalay Technological University,Mandalay, Myanmar. E-Mail:
kmh2020@gmail.com.
 
difference between the suction side and delivery side of the moving element of the pump, such as an impeller.A pump transfer mechanical energy from some externalsource to the liquid flowing through it. The pump thusincreases the energy of the liquid which may then be usedto lift the liquid and to overcome the hydraulic resistanceof the delivery pipe. An arrangement consisting of asuction pipe, a pump and a delivery pipe is called apumping system.The pump which rises water or a liquid from a lowerlevel to a higher level by centrifugal force is known as acentrifugal pump as shown in Figure 1. Centrifugal forceis defined as the action that causes something to moveaway from its center of rotation. A centrifugal pumpconsists of a shaft and impeller rotating within a casting.An impeller is a rotating disk with a set of vanes coupledto the engine or motor shaft that produces centrifugalforce within the pump casing. A casing is the stationaryhousing that collect, discharge and recirculates waterentering the pump. The impeller and casing from theheart of the pump and help the determination of its flow,pressure and solid handing capability [3].
Fig.1. Centrifugal Pump [3]
Khin Maung Htwe
 
Design and Construction of Single Stage Centrifugal Pump(Impeller)
 
 2
2.
 
FLOW CHART FOR PUMP DESIGN
Fig.2. Flow Chart
 
3. DESIGN DATA
In designing, flow rate, head, shaft speed and motor aremain input data. Again, allowable factor f 
a
, transmissionefficiency, overall efficiency, velocity coefficients are asassignment data. Table 1 shows the specification for theimpeller design.
Table 1. Specification for Impeller Design
PARAMETERSRated power (L
r
) 1.5 kWFlow rate (Q) 0.25 m
3
 /minRotational speed (n) 3000 rpmDensity of water (
ρ
) 10
3
kg/m
3
Pump head (H) 16 m
4. IMPELLER DESIGN ANALYSIS
The impeller of the centrifugal pump is designed in thispaper. For this design, the rated output power (L
r
) of electric motor is caclulated in Equation 1. This isexpressed as:
( )
1000
η
L1L
trar
×+=
(1)where, L is shaft power,
η
tr
is transmission efficiency, andStartInput n, Q, HCalculate: n
s
, Q
s
 Calculate:
η
0
,
η
v
 Calculate: Q
s1
 Input: K
sh
 “Shaft diameter”Calculate: d
c
, d
sh
 Calculate: d
h
, l
h
 hub: dimensionInput: g, K
mo
 “Impeller eye diameter”Calculate: D
0
 Input: K
u
, K
m1
, K
m2
, D
1
 /D
2
 “Impeller Outlet diameter”Calculate: u
2
, c
m1
, c
m2
 Calculate: D
2
 Calculate: D
1
 Calculate D
1s
, D
1h
, D
1m
 “Impeller Inlet diameter”No: of blade.Blade widthsCheck D
1m
= D
1
< D
0
 Input:
β
2
 Calculate:
β
1
 Calculate: ZInput:
δ
1
,
δ
2
 Calculate S
1
, S
2
 Calculate b
1
, b
2
 STOP
 
 3
a
is allowable factor. The allowable factor is read inTable 2 and
η
tr
is 1.0 for direct coupling. The specificspeed value (n
s
) is evaluated in Equation 2 [1].
4 / 321s
HQnn
=
 
(2)where, Q is flow rate, n is rotational speed, and H ispump head. Then the shaft power (L) is determined as:
0s
η
gH
ρ
QL
=
 
(3)where, Q
s
is flow rate per second, g is gravitationalacceleration, and
η
0
is overall efficiency.
Table 2. Allowance Factor and Rated Output Power of Electric Motor [1]
L
r
(kW) 0.4 0.75 1.5 2.2 3.7
a
0.4 0.4 to 0.25A pump efficiency (
η
0
) is assumed by using Figure 3.And also the diameter of suction pipe (D
S
or d
s
) can beestimated from this chart. The discharge pipe diameter(D
d
or d
d
) is usually selected equal to or one size smallerthan that of the suction pipe. Thus, velocities in thesepipes are given by:
4D
π
Q=V
2sss
 
(4)
4D
π
QV
2dsd
=
 
(5)Shaft material is chosen as S30c material that permissibleshear stress factor is 0.125.
Fig.3. Overall Efficiency Curve [1]
Hub dimension can be calculated based on shaftdimensions.
3rshc
nL =d
 
(6)where, d
c
is diameter of the end of main shaft, and k 
sh
ispermissible shear stress factor. The dimensions of hub atthe impeller eye are usually decided from Equations 7and 8.
D
h
= (1.5 to 2.0) d
sh
 
(7)
L
h
= (1.0 to 2.0) d
sh
 
(8)where, D
h
is hub diameter, d
sh
is shaft diameter at hubsection, and L
h
is hub length. Then the diameter of impeller eye (D
0
) is evaluated in Equation 9.
2hmo's0
DV
π
4QD
+=
 
(9)where, V
mo
is velocity of impeller eye, and
's
Q
is totalflow rate.
2gHKV
momo
=
 
(10)
K
mo
= (0.07 to 0.11) + 0.00023 n
s
 
(11)where, K
mo
is velocity coefficient of impeller eye.And then the volumetric efficiency (
η
v
) is determined as:
n1.124+11=
η
32sv
 
(12)
vs's
η
Q=Q 
(13)The stepanoff chart shown in Figure 4 is widely used todecide the impeller geometry. Peripheral velocity at outletis presented as:
2gHKU
u2
=
 
(14)
2gHKV
m1m1
=
 
(15)
2gHKV
m2m2
=
 
(16)where, K
u
is velocity coefficient of impeller outlet, V
m1
ismeridional velocity at impeller profile entrance, V
m2
ismeridional velocity at impeller profile outlet, K
m1
isdesign speed constant at impeller profile entrance, andK
m2
is design speed constant at impeller profile outlet.The outlet diameter (D
2
) and the inlet diameter (D
1
) of the impeller are decided considering the followingrelationship.
n
π
60UD
22
××=
 
(17)
    
=
1221
DDDD
 
(18)Then the peripheral velocity at inlet is designated by:Suction Pipe
 
Diameter D
s
 
   P  u  m  p   E   f   f   i  c   i  e  n  c  y
       h
    (   %   )
Discharge Q (m
3
 /min)

Activity (18)

You've already reviewed this. Edit your review.
1 hundred reads
1 thousand reads
Davin Farrell liked this
thiru84 liked this
Pankaj Jain liked this
zehachi liked this
imam bahrudin liked this
Pankaj Jain liked this
Muzammil Hussain liked this

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->