is allowable factor. The allowable factor is read inTable 2 and
is 1.0 for direct coupling. The specificspeed value (n
) is evaluated in Equation 2 .
4 / 321s
(2)where, Q is flow rate, n is rotational speed, and H ispump head. Then the shaft power (L) is determined as:
is flow rate per second, g is gravitationalacceleration, and
is overall efficiency.
Table 2. Allowance Factor and Rated Output Power of Electric Motor 
(kW) 0.4 0.75 1.5 2.2 3.7f
0.4 0.4 to 0.25A pump efficiency (
) is assumed by using Figure 3.And also the diameter of suction pipe (D
) can beestimated from this chart. The discharge pipe diameter(D
) is usually selected equal to or one size smallerthan that of the suction pipe. Thus, velocities in thesepipes are given by:
(5)Shaft material is chosen as S30c material that permissibleshear stress factor is 0.125.
Fig.3. Overall Efficiency Curve 
Hub dimension can be calculated based on shaftdimensions.
nL k =d
is diameter of the end of main shaft, and k
ispermissible shear stress factor. The dimensions of hub atthe impeller eye are usually decided from Equations 7and 8.
= (1.5 to 2.0) d
= (1.0 to 2.0) d
is hub diameter, d
is shaft diameter at hubsection, and L
is hub length. Then the diameter of impeller eye (D
) is evaluated in Equation 9.
is velocity of impeller eye, and
is totalflow rate.
= (0.07 to 0.11) + 0.00023 n
is velocity coefficient of impeller eye.And then the volumetric efficiency (
) is determined as:
(13)The stepanoff chart shown in Figure 4 is widely used todecide the impeller geometry. Peripheral velocity at outletis presented as:
is velocity coefficient of impeller outlet, V
ismeridional velocity at impeller profile entrance, V
ismeridional velocity at impeller profile outlet, K
isdesign speed constant at impeller profile entrance, andK
is design speed constant at impeller profile outlet.The outlet diameter (D
) and the inlet diameter (D
) of the impeller are decided considering the followingrelationship.
(18)Then the peripheral velocity at inlet is designated by:Suction Pipe
P u m p E f f i c i e n c y
( % )
Discharge Q (m