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Hispanic Gangs 2006 Intel Report

Hispanic Gangs 2006 Intel Report

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Published by Jason Smathers

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Published by: Jason Smathers on Oct 29, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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11/05/2012

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TABLE OF CONTENTS
ORGANIZED CRIME (Latino Gangs) OVERVIEW
 
3Drug Cartels and Drug Trafficking Organizations3
PRISON GANGS
7Mexican Mafia (La EME) 7La EME Oath and MO 8Nuestra Familia9Nuestra Familia Oath and Structure 10Texas Syndicate11Texas Syndicate Growth and Development 12Street and Prison Operations12Mexikanemi 13Mexikanemi MO, Structure, and Schooling 13Street and Prison Wars 14Border Brothers and Paisas 14
STREET GANGS
16Surenos 1618
th
Street Gang17Mara Salvatrucha 18Nortenos-Nuestra Raza-Northern Structure 19Fresno Bulldogs 19Netas20Almighty Latin King Nation Motherland 22Connecticut Latin king Charter23ALKQN New York24Florida Latin Kings24Maniac Latin Disciples / Spanish Ganster Disciple Nation24
REGIONAL THREAT ASSESSMENTS
27
NORTHEAST
27Washington27Idaho28Montana28Oregon29Utah29Wyoming29
SOUTHWEST
30California30Nevada34Colorado34Arizona35New Mexico36Texas37
 
MID WEST
40Illinois40Wisconsin41Indiana43
EAST COAST
44Rhode Island44Massachusetts44New York45New Jersey45Pennsylvania48Maryland/DC/Virginia49
SOUTHEAST
Tennessee51North Carolina52Georgia52Florida53
CANADA
54
LATIN AMERICA
Mexico55Central America56Puerto Rico56
GENERAL TRENDS
57INDEX 59ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS 77
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ORGANIZED CRIME OVERVIEWThe Drug Cartels and Drug Trafficking Organizations
In order to understand the current state and power of the outlaw Drug Cartels, one mustlook back at a time when many drugs were legal in the United States. The euphoric effectsof coca leaves have been known for thousands of years. Coca was grown in South Americaand later became a money source for the Columbians and other Drug Cartels. The firstepidemic of cocaine use in America occurred during the late 19th century. Initially, therewere no laws restricting the consumption or sale of cocaine. It became a key ingredient in“Coca-Cola.” In fact, cocaine was freely available in drug stores, saloons, from mail-order vendors, and even in grocery stores. It is reported that one drug manufacturer, in 1885, wasselling cocaine in 15 different forms, including cigarettes, cheroots, inhalants, cordials,crystals, and solutions. In 1914, the U.S. Congress passed the “Harrison Act”, which tightlyregulated the distribution and sale of cocaine. Although made illegal, there still was a “blackmarket” for cocaine users. Powdered Cocaine was popular in the 1970s and Crack Cocainein the 1980s, much of it sold by street gangs.Morphine was used to kill pain during the American Civil War and many soldiers on bothsides soon became addicted to the drug. Beginning in the late 1800s opium was fairlypopular. There were opium dens scattered throughout the “Wild West.” It arrived viaChinese immigrants who came to work on the railroads. Cowboys like “Wild Bill” Hickockand Kit Carson are said to have used the drug. Instead of walking up to a bar to drinkwhiskey, a cowhand was more likely in a prone position of a candlelit dim room smokingopium. It was not uncommon for Cowboys to spend days and nights at a den, often in thecompany of a prostitute, eventually becoming physically addicted to the drug. The semi-synthetic drug Heroin was invented by the same makers of Bayer Aspirin and marketed asso-called “safe substitute” for Morphine in 1884. In 1914, the Harrison Act outlawed Heroinuse in the United States but the drug trafficking organizations, including those in Mexico andSouth America, continued moving the drug into the United States. Usually, this was in theform of “Black Tar Heroin” as opposed to Asian “China White”.A German chemist first synthesized the drug Amphetamine, in 1887. By 1919,Methamphetamine, which was more potent and easier to make, was discovered in Japan.During World War II both the German Nazis and American forces distributed Amphetamineto soldiers to help them keep them awake and fighting. Amphetamine became illegal in theU.S. with the passage of the “U.S. Drug Abuse Regulation and Control Act of 1970”.However, many people in the 1970s continued to use “Speed”. Outlaw Motorcycle Gangswere known to distribute Methamphetamine in the 1970s and 1980s. When crackdowns onmany precursor ingredients for ephedrine and pseudo-ephedrine began by law enforcementin the 1990s, many of the Mexican Drug Trafficking Organizations stepped in to supply“super-labs”.Marijuana, or Cannabis, is one of the oldest psychoactive plants known. The first recordeduse of cannabis as a medicinal drug was in Chinese culture in 2727 B.C. It was later grownin Latin America and when it started to be outlawed by some states in 1915, drug traffickingorganizations filled the void. By 1937, strong public reaction coupled with a campaign in the
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