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Bethlehem (3%) would beunder international control.Jews owned almost six percentof the land area in all of Palestine. At the time of the partition,there were approximately 1.3million Palestinian Arabs and610,000 Jews living in Palestine.Between 400,000-500,000Palestinians and approximately500,000 Jews were living onland partitioned for the Jewishstate (2). Approximately 10, 000 Jewsand between 725,000-818,000were living on land partitioned for the Arab state.(3)
3. What happened between 1947-1949?
agreed upon as a strategy in March1948 by Ben-Gurion and his consultancy, with theintention to control at least the land that the UNpartition allotted for the Jewish state with the leastamount of Palestinians. Today we would call this planethnic cleansing. Historian Ilan Pappe documents thesystematic detailing of villages by Jewish forces thatallowed Plan Dalet to come to fruition.
These operations can be carried out in the following manner: either by destroying villages (by setting ﬁre tothem, by blowing them up, and by planting mines intheir debris) and especially of those population centerswhich are difﬁcult to control continuously; or bymounting combing and control operations according to the following guidelines: encirclement of the villages,conducting a search inside them. Incase of resistance, the armed forcesmust be wiped out and the populationexpelled outside the borders of the state(Plan Dalet, 10 March, 1948)(4)
At the time when Plan Dalet wascirculated, Jewish BrigadeCommanders had lists of villages for which they wereresponsible and the ways thatorders would be carried out:Occupation, destruction orexpulsion.(5) Village details hadbeen collected much earlier in the1930-40’s by the Hagana and academicians.(6) Around the time of the UN Partition and prior toIsraeli independence, the Arab League established andfunded the Arab Liberation Army, recruiting volunteers to ﬁght against Jewish military forces inPalestine.(7) During the ﬁghting, Jewish military forcesperpetrated a number of crimes against indigenousPalestinians. In the quotes that follow, Ilan Pappedescribes the crimes in gruesome detail.On April 9, 1948,
village was occupiedby the Irgun and Stern Gang (Lechi) Jewish forces. Atleast ninety three Palestinian villagers were killed incold blood, their bodies abused while a number of thewomen were raped and then killed. Of those killed,thirty were babies.(8)On May 22, 1948, Jewish soldiers from the Alexandroni Brigade occupied
and shot110-230 Palestinian men. As Pappe documents:
The Jews gathered all the women and children, in a place where theydumped all bodies, for them to see their dead husbands, fathersand brothers and terrorize them
.(9)On October 28, 1948, in the village of
,near Hebron, about 145 children, women and menwere killed. Over 450 went missing, of which 170were women and children.On October 29, Jewish and Druze
On October29, Jewish and Druze soldiers attacked and occupiedthe village of
. The next morning, seventy menwere shot in cold blood. …
Four women and a girl were
J E W I S H V O I C E
F O R P E A C E
N a k b a F a c t S h e e t
The Zionist leadershipagreed [to a partitionplan] and the ArabLeague and Palestiniansdid not because
thiswould have caused almost half of the Palestinian population-the indigenous majority on its own ancestral soil to be converted overnight into a minority under alien rule.
Righteous Victims: A History of the
Mona's mother with her friends in her gardenin the early '40s. Her mother is on the far right,with her friends, Mimi, Ada, Aida and Salwa.