- Particles and antiparticles disappear when they collide, releasing a lot of energy in the process.
Black Body Radiation
- The thermal emission of a body that does not reflect light. At thetemperature of a human body, its emission lies at wavelengths longer than the visible light, but the thermal emission of the Sun is in the visible portion of the spectrum.
- A type of motion found in a gas or liquid when there is a temperaturedifference between separate regions. For instance, in boiling pot of water, the water closer tothe flame becomes warmer and, correspondingly, becomes less dense. The hot watertherefore rises to the surface, pushing the warmer and cooler water into contact and thenpushing the cooler water down. This mechanism exchanges heat between warmer and coolerregions.
- Mass per unit volume.
- Particular and discrete wavelengths at which atoms emit light. A florescent bulb exclusively emits lines.
- Italian astronomer and physicist (1564-1642) who first utilized thetelescope for astronomical observations. His discoveries lent credibility to the heliocentricmodel of Copernicusand made it easier forNewtonto write his laws of gravity and motion.
SeeGalileo's SparkNote biography .
- German astronomer (1571-1630), his mentor was Tycho Brahe. Hecompleted Brahe's observations of the position of Marsand was finally able to pin down itsorbit. He realized thatplanets follow elliptical, rather than circular, orbits around the Sun.He was an ardent proponent of the heliocentric model. More on Kepler in relation to theScientific Revolution
- The large region surrounding theEarthwhere the Earth's magneticfield is strong enough to deflect the solar wind.
- Nuclear reactions are reactions involving the nuclei of atoms. Nucleiare charged positively and repel each other. Only at the high temperatures inside the Sun are