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V I Lenin - What is to be done

V I Lenin - What is to be done

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Published by Communist Party
Lenin’s key work on Party objectives and organization. Lenin argues that while capitalism
predisposes the workers to the acceptance of socialism it does not spontaneously make
them conscious Socialists. The proletariat of its own can achieve only ”trade-union consciousness.”
Accordingly, it was necessary to institute a ”party of a new type” capable of
imbuing the working-class with revolutionary consciousness. This is the origin of Lenin’s
famous theory of the Party as ”vanguard of the proletariat”. He conceived of the vanguard
as a highly centralized body organized around a core of experienced professional revolutionaries.
The book also contains an attack on Revisionism.
Lenin’s key work on Party objectives and organization. Lenin argues that while capitalism
predisposes the workers to the acceptance of socialism it does not spontaneously make
them conscious Socialists. The proletariat of its own can achieve only ”trade-union consciousness.”
Accordingly, it was necessary to institute a ”party of a new type” capable of
imbuing the working-class with revolutionary consciousness. This is the origin of Lenin’s
famous theory of the Party as ”vanguard of the proletariat”. He conceived of the vanguard
as a highly centralized body organized around a core of experienced professional revolutionaries.
The book also contains an attack on Revisionism.

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Published by: Communist Party on Jul 23, 2008
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09/22/2014

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What is to be Done?
Vladimir Lenin 1902
 
Contents
Notes on the Text iPreface ii1 DOGMATISM AND FREEDOM OF CRITICISM 1
1.1 WHAT DOES FREEDOM OF CRITICISM“ MEAN? . . . . . . . . . . . 11.2 THE NEW ADVOCATES OF “FREEDOM OF CRITICISM” . . . . . . . 31.3 CRITICISM IN RUSSIA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61.4 ENGELS ON THE IMPORTANCE OF THE THEORETICAL STRUGGLE 11
2 THE SPONTANEITY OF THE MASSES AND THE CONSCIOUSNESS OFTHE SOCIAL-DEMOCRATS 16
2.1 THE BEGINNING OF THE SPONTANEOUS UPSURGE . . . . . . . . . 172.2 BOWING TO SPONTANEITY.
RABOCHAYA MYSL
. . . . . . . . . . . . 192.3 THE SELF-EMANCIPATION GROUP AND
RABOCHEYE DYELO
. . . . 25
3 TRADE-UNIONIST POLITICS AND SOCIAL-DEMOCRATIC POLITICS 32
3.1 POLITICALAGITATIONANDITSRESTRICTIONBYTHEECONOMISTS 333.2 HOW MARTYNOV RENDERED PLEKHANOV MORE PROFOUND . . 393.3 POLITICAL EXPOSURES AND “TRAINING IN REVOLUTIONARYACTIVITY. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 423.4 WHAT IS THERE IN COMMON BETWEEN ECONOMISM AND TER-RORISM? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 452
 
3 CONTENTS
3.5 THE WORKING CLASS AS VANGUARD FIGHTER FOR DEMOCRACY 473.6 ONCE MORE “SLANDERERS”, ONCE MORE “MYSTIFIERS” . . . . . 58
4 THE PRIMITIVENESS OF THE ECONOMISTS AND THE ORGANIZA-TION OF THE REVOLUTIONARIES 62
4.1 WHAT IS PRIMITIVENESS? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 634.2 PRIMITIVENESS AND ECONOMISM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 654.3 ORGANISATION OF WORKERS AND ORGANISATION OF REVO-LUTIONARIES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 704.4 THE SCOPE OF ORGANISATIONAL WORK . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 814.5 “CONSPIRATORIALORGANISATION AND “DEMOCRATISM. . . 854.6 LOCAL AND ALL-RUSSIA WORK . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 91
5 THE PLANFOR AN ALL-RUSSIA POLITICAL NEWSPAPER 98
5.1 WHO WAS OFFENDED BY THE ARTICLE “WHERE TO BEGIN” . . . 995.2 CAN A NEWSPAPER BE A COLLECTIVE ORGANISER? . . . . . . . . 1025.3 WHAT TYPE OF ORGANISATION DO WE REQUIRE? . . . . . . . . . 110
Endnotes 115

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Alyssa Dale Russell added this note
We cannot make the working class politcally active by talking only about economics. THey cannot develop this consciousness from within their own ranks-- the need the help from someone on the outside.
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