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WTC Dust Signature.composition and Morphology.final

WTC Dust Signature.composition and Morphology.final

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Categories:Types, Research, Science
Published by: Nullpunktsenergie on Oct 29, 2010
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12/13/2011

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RJ Lee
Grou
 , Inc.
350 Hochberg RoadMonroeville, PA15146
 
Prepared by:
Damage Assessment130 Liberty Street Property
Report Date: December 2003
WTC Dust Signature Report
Composition and Morphology
Summary ReportPrepared for:Deutsche Bank
 
Damage Assessment
WTC Dust Signature Study: Composition and Morphology 
130 Liberty Street PropertyDecember 2003
Confidential 
 
i 
Table of Contents
1.0
 
Summary..............................................................................................................................................................1
 
1.1
 
Investigation..........................................................................................................................................1
 
1.2
 
WTC Event Dust Constituents.........................................................................................................2
 
1.3
 
Testing Protocol...................................................................................................................................3
 
1.4
 
Findings..................................................................................................................................................4
 
2.0
 
WTC Dust Composition..................................................................................................................................8
 
2.1
 
Background Dust Characteristics...................................................................................................8
 
2.2
 
Pre-WTC Event Dust Characteristics............................................................................................10
 
2.3
 
WTC Dust Characteristics................................................................................................................11
 
2.3.1
 
Chrysotile Asbestos...........................................................................................................................11
 
2.3.2
 
Gypsum.................................................................................................................................................12
 
2.3.3
 
Synthetic Vitreous Fibers.................................................................................................................14
 
2.3.4
 
Vermiculite...........................................................................................................................................15
 
2.3.5
 
Heat affected particulate and combustion products.............................................................16
 
2.4
 
Other Particle Types..........................................................................................................................19
 
2.5
 
Summary..............................................................................................................................................19
 
3.0
 
Other WTC Dust Characteristics: Coatings.............................................................................................21
 
4.0
 
Statistical Analysis...........................................................................................................................................23
 
5.0
 
 Addenda............................................................................................................................................................25
 
5.1
 
Sampling Design and Statistical Analysis...................................................................................25
 
5.2
 
Sampling...............................................................................................................................................26
 
5.3
 
Sample Location Selection..............................................................................................................26
 
5.4
 
Sampling Procedures.......................................................................................................................27
 
5.5
 
Lift Samples..........................................................................................................................................28
 
5.6
 
Sample Analysis..................................................................................................................................29
 
 
Damage Assessment
WTC Dust Signature Study: Composition and Morphology 
130 Liberty Street PropertyDecember 2003
Confidential 
 
ii 
List of Figures
Figure 1. Ternary plots of TP-01
gash 
below ceiling and Background Building samples.............................6
 
Figure 2. Typical dust loading on Background Building samples........................................................................9
 
Figure 3. Dust loading from a WTC Dust impacted locations...............................................................................9
 
Figure 4. SEM image of skin flake and a hair fiber found in Background Buildings...................................10
 
Figure 5. SEM image with EDS of silicon-rich particle (i.e., quartz)....................................................................11
 
Figure 6. SEM image with EDS of silicon/aluminum-rich particle (i.e., clay)...................................................11
 
Figure 7. SEM image and EDS of chrysotile asbestos fiber bundle in WTC-1 (Pre-WTC Event)................12
 
Figure 8. SEM image and EDS of WTC chrysotile with gypsum (Post-WTC Event).......................................12
 
Figure 9. Image and EDS of gypsum in the WTC (Pre-WTC Event)...................................................................13
 
Figure 10. SEM image and EDS of WTC gypsum (Post-WTC Event)..................................................................13
 
Figure 11. XRD spectrum of WTC Dust.......................................................................................................................14
 
Figure 12. SEM image and EDS of mineral wool in the WTC-2 prior to the WTC Event...........................14
 
Figure 13. SEM image and EDS of WTC mineral wool fragment after the WTC Event...............................14
 
Figure 14. Optical microscopy image of mineral wool fragment......................................................................15
 
Figure 15. Glass fiber in WTC Dust..............................................................................................................................15
 
Figure 16. Glass fiber in WTC Dust..............................................................................................................................15
 
Figure 17. Vermiculte particle in WTC Dust..............................................................................................................16
 
Figure 18. SEM image and EDS of carbonaceous material in Background Building...................................17
 
Figure 19. SEM image and EDS of a vesicular carbonaceous particle..............................................................17
 
Figure 20. Optical microscopy image of a particle formed by high temperature.........................................17
 
Figure 21. SEM image and EDS of spherical iron particle.....................................................................................18
 
Figure 22. Optical microscopy image of a dark particle formed by high temperature...............................18
 
Figure 23. SEM image and EDS of alumino-silicate in Background Building.................................................19
 
Figure 24. SEM image and EDS of vesicular alumino-silicate...............................................................................19
 
Figure 25. Lead peaks on mineral wool by high resolution XPS. The red trace represents the observedspectrum. The black trace represents the best fit derived from the observed spectrum........22
 
Figure 26. Typical drop ceiling light used for above-ceiling samples................................................................26
 
Figure 27. Below-ceiling sampling surface and template.....................................................................................27
 
Figure 28. Lift sampling media......................................................................................................................................28
 
Figure 29. Dust adhered to lift sampling media......................................................................................................29
 

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