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Solar Power Satellite

Solar Power Satellite

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Published by: Induchoodan Rajendran on Oct 30, 2010
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04/19/2014

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SOLAR POWERED SATELLITES
CHAPTER 1I N T R O D U C T I O N
The new millennium has introduced increased pressure for finding newrenewable energy sources. The exponential increase in population has led to theglobal crisis such as global warming, environmental pollution and change andrapid decrease of fossil reservoirs. Also the demand of electric power increasesat a much higher pace than other energy demands as the world is industrializedand computerized. Under these circumstances, research has been carried out tolook into the possibility of building a power station in space to transmitelectricity to Earth by way of radio waves-the Solar Power Satellites. Solar Power Satellites(SPS) converts solar energy in to micro waves and sends thatmicrowaves in to a beam to a receiving antenna on the Earth for conversion toordinary electricity.SPS is a clean, large-scale, stable electric power source.Solar Power Satellites is known by a variety of other names such as SatellitePower System, Space Power Station, Space Power System, Solar Power Station,Space Solar Power Station etc.[1].One of the key technologies needed to enablethe future feasibility of SPS is that of Microwave Wireless PoweTransmission.WPT is based on the energy transfer capacity of microwave beami.e,energy can be transmitted by a well focused microwave beam. Advances inPhased array antennas and rectennas have provided the building blocks for arealizable WPT system [2].
College of Engineering Perumon1Dept. of Electronics & Communication
 
SOLAR POWERED SATELLITES
CHAPTER 2W H Y S P S
Increasing global energy demand is likely to continue for manydecades. Renewable energy is a compelling approach – both philosophically andin engineering terms. However, many renewable energy sources are limited intheir ability to affordably provide the base load power required for globalindustrial development and prosperity, because of inherent land and water requirements. The burning of fossil fuels resulted in an abrupt decrease in their .it also led to the green house effect and many other environmental problems. Nuclear power seems to be an answer for global warming, but concerns aboutterrorist attacks on Earth bound nuclear power plants have intensifiedenvironmentalist opposition to nuclear power. Moreover, switching on to thenatural fission reactor, the sun, yields energy with no waste products. Earth based solar panels receives only a part of the solar energy. It will be affected bythe day & night effect and other factors such as clouds. So it is desirable to placethe solar panel in the space itself, where, the solar energy is collected andconverted in to electricity which is then converted to a highly directedmicrowave beam for transmission. This microwave beam, which can be directedto any desired location on Earth surface, can be collected and then converted back to electricity. This concept is more advantageous than conventionalmethods. Also the microwave energy, chosen for transmission, can passunimpeded through clouds and precipitations.
CHAPTER 3
College of Engineering Perumon2Dept. of Electronics & Communication
 
SOLAR POWERED SATELLITES
S P S – T H E B A C K G R O U N D
The concept of a large SPS that would be placed in geostationary orbitwas invented by Peter Glaser in 1968 [1].The SPS concept was examinedextensively during the late 1970s by the U.S Department of Energy (DOE) andthe National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA). The DOE-NASA put forward the SPS Reference System Concept in 1979 [2]. The central featureof this concept was the creation of a large scale power infrastructure in space,consisting of about 60 SPS, delivering a total of about 300GW.But, as a result of the huge price tag, lack of evolutionary concept and the subsiding energy crisisin 1980-1981, all U.S SPS efforts were terminated with a view to re-asses theconcept after about ten years. During this time international interest in SPSemerged which led to WPT experiments in Japan.
RECENT NASA EFFORTS
Fresh look Study
During 1995-96, NASA conducted a re-examination of thetechnologies, system concepts of SPS systems [2],[3].The principal objective of this ‘Fresh Look Study’ was to determine whether a SPS and associated systemscould be defined. The Fresh Look Study concluded that the prospects for power from space were more technically viable than they had been earlier.
 SSP Concept Definition Study
College of Engineering Perumon3Dept. of Electronics & Communication

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