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WKCE Practice Test 1 (10) Reading

WKCE Practice Test 1 (10) Reading

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WKCE Test Practice 1
GRADE 10
Reading
 
140
Preparing for the Wisconsin Knowledge and Concepts Exam
Name Date
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Name Date
Queen Elizabeth I, the unwanted daughter ofthe English king Henry VIII and his second wife,Anne Boleyn, proved to be one of the ablestmonarchs in English history. During her long reign(1558–1603), the English Renaissance reached itsfull flower, and England enjoyed a time ofunprecedented prosperity and internationalprestige. A practical and disciplined ruler, Elizabethloved pomp and ceremony but was neverthelessfrugal and intent on balancing the nationalbudget. She was also a consummate politician,exercising absolute authority while remainingsensitive to public opinion and respectful ofParliament, England’s highest lawmaking body.In religious matters, she steered a middle course.Reestablishing the independent Church ofEngland, she made it a buffer between RomanCatholics and radical Protestants, now often calledPuritans because they sought to “purify” thechurch of all remaining Roman Catholic practices.In foreign policy, Elizabeth was a shrewdstrategist who kept England out of costly warsand ended her nation’s unpopular alliance withSpain. Though she never married, for 20 years sheused the possibility of her marriage to utmostadvantage, feigning interest in one Europeanprince after another. Convinced by advisers thatthe path to national prosperity lay in New Worldriches, she encouraged overseas ventures, includ-ing Sir Francis Drake’s circumnavigation of theglobe and Sir Walter Raleigh’s attempt to establisha colony in Virginia. In secret, she funded pirateraids against the ships of Spain, while publiclydenouncing such “unlawful acts” of plunder.The quarrel with Catholic Spain intensified in1587, when Elizabeth reluctantly executed hercousin Mary Stuart, the Roman Catholic queenof Scotland, for conspiracy. Catholics, whoquestioned the legitimacy of Elizabeth’s parents’marriage, had believed Mary to be the rightfulheir to the English throne and had participated ina number of foreign-backed plots againstElizabeth. A year after Mary’s execution, Spain’sPhilip II sent a great armada, or fleet of warships,to challenge the English navy. Aided by a violentstorm, the smaller, more maneuverable Englishships defeated the Spanish Armada, makingElizabeth the undisputed ruler of a great militarypower.
 WKCE Test Practice 1
The Reign of Queen Elizabeth I of England
 
Preparing for the Wisconsin Knowledge and Concepts Exam
141
Name Date
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 WKCE Test Practice 1
From the information in the passage, it canbe inferred that Elizabeth I ruled England by
A
imposing her will through cruelty andaggression.
B
neglecting matters of religion.
C
balancing competing interests.
D
granting all of her power to trustedadvisers.Whom did Elizabeth support in his attemptto colonize Virginia?
A
Henry VIII
B
Sir Francis Drake
C
Philip II
D
Sir Walter RaleighIt can be inferred from the passage that thePuritans
A
supported Mary Stuart’s claim to theEnglish throne.
B
disapproved of the Roman CatholicChurch.
C
wanted Elizabeth to head the Church ofEngland.
D
wanted the Church of England to serveas a buffer between them and RomanCatholics.Why does the passage mention thatElizabeth faked an interest in marrying vari-ous European princes?
A
to demonstrate her inability to makestrong decisions
B
to show her slyness and cleverness inforeign policy
C
to reveal her enjoyment of game-playing
D
to indicate that she was often dishonestMary Stuart, Scotland’s Catholic queen, was
A
Henry VIII’s second wife.
B
a member of the Spanish royal family.
C
a leader of English pirates.
D
Elizabeth’s cousin.According to the passage, regardingEngland’s finances, Elizabeth
A
was interested in maintaining a balancedbudget.
B
spent money recklessly on courtceremonies.
C
drained the national treasury to supportforeign wars.
D
left all budgetary considerations up to heradvisers.According to the passage, the great SpanishArmada was defeated partly because
A
England maintained the most powerfulnavy in Europe.
B
Elizabeth was a shrewd military strategist.
C
foul weather helped the English ships.
D
Spain’s naval commanders were poorlytrained.What did Elizabeth accomplish for Englandduring her reign as queen? Use details andexamples from the passage to explain youranswer.
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