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Qualitative Description of the Ideal Yurchenko Layout Vault Technique

Qualitative Description of the Ideal Yurchenko Layout Vault Technique

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Published by Valentin Uzunov
The Yurchenko vault was first pioneered in 1982 by Natialie Yurchenko and has since become the most widely used vault entry for women. Male gymnasts also perform the Yurchenko. The aim of this paper is to examine the available literature and provide a detailed description of the key biomechanics characteristics and their interrelationship characteristic of high scoring Yurchenko Layout vaults. Current scientific literature has identified several biomechanical characteristic that are shared among outstanding performances: a) a quick and close to vertical take-off from the springboard following the round-off; b) very fast rotation backward onto the table, with a high angle of attack between 30-40°; c) a very short table support phase with an increasing vertical velocity on take-off with minimal losses in horizontal velocity, are the best predictive variable for a successful vault being angular momentum on departure from the springboard. Coaches who wish to improve their gymnast’s performance can compare their gymnast’s technique to the available data and devise training protocols to address their gymnast’s short comings based on comparisons with the proposed ideal kinematics. Coaches should also concentrate on developing the gymnast’s ability to generate and maintain angular momentum throughout the Round-off, pre-flight phase and table impact as these are the most technically challenging phases of the vault and also associated with a successful execution of this vault.
The Yurchenko vault was first pioneered in 1982 by Natialie Yurchenko and has since become the most widely used vault entry for women. Male gymnasts also perform the Yurchenko. The aim of this paper is to examine the available literature and provide a detailed description of the key biomechanics characteristics and their interrelationship characteristic of high scoring Yurchenko Layout vaults. Current scientific literature has identified several biomechanical characteristic that are shared among outstanding performances: a) a quick and close to vertical take-off from the springboard following the round-off; b) very fast rotation backward onto the table, with a high angle of attack between 30-40°; c) a very short table support phase with an increasing vertical velocity on take-off with minimal losses in horizontal velocity, are the best predictive variable for a successful vault being angular momentum on departure from the springboard. Coaches who wish to improve their gymnast’s performance can compare their gymnast’s technique to the available data and devise training protocols to address their gymnast’s short comings based on comparisons with the proposed ideal kinematics. Coaches should also concentrate on developing the gymnast’s ability to generate and maintain angular momentum throughout the Round-off, pre-flight phase and table impact as these are the most technically challenging phases of the vault and also associated with a successful execution of this vault.

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Categories:Types, Research, Science
Published by: Valentin Uzunov on Nov 01, 2010
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gv}ek easgraj}hn knafg}w ao }ek lwdjhv} hjm d gv }ek dhvv ao lwdjhv}' %88'* \eh} }egv oasd{nh }knnv {v gv }eh} h 80+gjfskhvk gj }ek lwdjhv}‗v s{jjgjl knafg}w |gnn skv{n}v gj h30+ gjfskhvk gj }a}hn igjk}gf kjkslw lkjksh}km %88'* Chvkmaj }egv. g} gv lkjkshnnw hffkp}km }eh} }ek ohv}ks }ek s{j${p }eklskh}ks }ek pa}kj}ghn }a pksoasd h mwjhdgf hjm kupnavgk h{n}. hv }ek lwdjhv} ehv dask igjk}gf kjkslw }afajks}!}shjvoasd* Ea|kks. g} cw ja dkhjv l{hshj}kkv hlaam h{n} aj g}v a|j*Skvkhsfe skpas}gjl s{j${p vpkkmv oas mgookskj} h{n}v ehvfajvgv}kj}nw vea|j }eh} }ek W{sfekjia h{n}v hsk pksoasdkm |g}e vna|ks s{j${p vpkkmv fadphskm }a Ehjmvpsgjl as]v{ihehsh kj}sw h{n}v* ]ek mgookskjfk gv d{fe daskkgmkj} oas dhnk lwdjhv}v hjm ajnw dhslgjhn gj }ek fhvk ao okdhnk lwdjhv}v* Vhjmv %3000' skpas}v }ek hkshlk W{sfekjia h{n} s{j${p knafg}w hv ?*76 d!v oas b{jgasv hjm<*6? d!v oas vkjgas okdhnk sklgajhn h}enk}kv* Vgdgnhs ogl{skvhsk skpas}km cw Jh{jmaso. Cskedks. Ijann. Csajv} hjm Sano  \hljks %3005'* ]ekw dkhv{skm }ek vpkkmv ao hnn h{n}ksv h}}ek 300< \asnm Fehdpgajvegp gj V}{}}lhsm hjm skpas}km hjhkshlk s{j${p knafg}w ao <*66 d!v oas okdhnk lwdjhv}vhjm <*6?d!v oas dkj* Kkj }ea{le }egv gv ajnw ajk vk} ao mh}h. fannkf}km h} ajk fadpk}g}gaj g} fhj ck h} nkhv}pskngdgjhsgnw hvv{dkm }eh} h} }ek Kng}k nkkn }eksk gv ja} hvgljgogfhj} mgookskjfk ck}|kkj }ek s{j${p knafg}gkv ao  W{sfekjia h{n}v pksoasdkm cw dhnk as okdhnk lwdjhv}v*]egv v{llkv}v }eh} ca}e dkj hjm |adkj ehk h} nkhv} gjphs} vgdgnhs psk$fajmg}gajv oas kj}sw gj}a }ek sa{jm$aoo* ]egvdkhjv mgookskjfkv gj hf}{hn h{n}gjl hcgng}w cw dhnkv hjmokdhnk hsk pskmadgjhj}nw }ek skv{n} ao }kfejgx{k m{sgjl }ekv{cvkx{kj} pehvkv hjm ja} }ek s{j${p*F{i / Ihshfvajw %300=' pagj} a{} }eh} lgkj }ek fadpnkuvpsgjlcahsm kj}sw ao }ek W{sfekjia h{n}. faj}san ao }eks{j${p gv ngiknw dask gdpas}hj} oas v{ffkvvo{n pksoasdhjfkfadphskm }a hfegkgjl dhugdhn s{j${p vpkkmv. |egfe gvhnva v{ppas}km cw Iae / Bkjjgjlv %300<'* Cw }ek }gdk }eklwdjhv} pksoasdv }egv h{n} gj fadpk}g}gaj. ek!vek vea{nmehk hj kv}hcngvekm ap}gdhn s{j${p hppsahfe gj asmks }aehk fajvgv}kjfw gj pksoasdhjfk* ]egv dhikv g} ksw ehsm }adamgow h lwdjhv} s{j${p hppsahfe ajfk g} ehv ckkjkv}hcngvekm. ea|kks fahfekv jkkm }a fajvgmks }egv hv hj
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‖ Fgjkdh}alshpegf gk| ao }ek e{smnk pehvk pksoasdkm cw Hjjh Phnah h} }ek 3005 K{sapkhj Fehdpgajvegpv* G} gv gdpas}hj} }a ja}gfk }ek najl hjm na|e{smnk gj}a }ek sa{jm$ao* ]egv gdhlk gv ajnw dkhj} }a gnn{v}sh}k }ek nkjl}e ao }ek e{smnk hjm ja} jkfkvvhsgnw }ek gmkhn e{smnk as sa{jm$aoo }kfejgx{k
 
 
ap}gaj oas lwdjhv} |ea nhfi mwjhdgfv* Hvgmk osad hf}{hnvpkkmv lkjksh}km. Swckfig %3005' skfaddkjmv }eh}lwdjhv}v ehk laam s{jjgjl dkfehjgfv hjm pav}{sk. hv }egv |gnn vk} }ek lwdjhv} {p oas h laam koogfgkj} kj}sw gj}a }eke{smnk pehvk*
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]ek nhv} v}kp ao }ek s{j${p gj hnn h{n}v gv fehshf}ksgv}gfhnnw najlks hjm dhsikm cw h msap gj vpkkm psgas }a }ek hf}{hne{smnk. phs}gf{nhsnw va oas }ek W{sfekjia %;'* ]ek e{smnkpehvk ao }ek W{sfekjia fhj skhfe nkjl}ev ao {p }a 3*;d oas |adkj hjm 6d oas dkj. mkpkjmgjl aj s{j${p vpkkmv hjmmkfknksh}gaj psgas }a e{smnk %Ogl{sk 8' %;'* ]eksk hsk hsga{v}kfejgx{kv {vkm gj }ek e{smnk pehvk. {joas}{jh}knw hv g} gv}eksk gv ja hhgnhcnk ng}ksh}{sk fadphsgjl }kfejgx{kv* Osadh fahfegjl pksvpkf}gk. g} gv lkjkshnnw hlskkm }eh} }ek e{smnk}kfejgx{kv {vkm jkkm }a ck v{g}hcnk oas }ek lwdjhv}‗v a|jpewvgfhn hcgng}gkv }a hnna| }ek lwdjhv} }a vdaa}enw }shjvg}gajv gj}a }ek sa{jm$aoo %SA' |g}e dgjgdhnmkfknksh}gaj %<.5.7.80'*
 
]ek Sa{jm$aoo ehv hnva skfkgkm ng}}nk kuhdgjh}gaj osad }ekvfgkj}gogf fadd{jg}w* Ekjfk. }eksk gv ja kdpgsgfhn mh}h }av{llkv} ap}gdhn }kfejgx{k* ]egv gv {joas}{jh}k hv Pkjg}kj}k.Dksjg. Ohj}arrg. Pkssk}}h %300<' v{llkv} }eh}
„]ekkookf}gkjkvv ao }ek sa{jm$aoo aj}a }ek vpsgjlcahsm a{}ngjkv}ek {ppksdav} ngdg}v ao |eh} }ek lwdjhv} fhj h}}hgjm{sgjl }ek v{ffkvvgk pehvkv—
* Iae k} hn* %3006' hnvafajfn{mkm }eh} }ek sa{jm$aoo }kfejgx{k |egfe hnna|v }ekh}enk}k }a }shjvnh}k easgraj}hnngjkhs dadkj}{d hjmskasgkj}h}gaj ao }eklwdjhv}‗v ohfgjl mgskf}gajdhw ck h fsg}gfhn ohf}as gj }ekkukf{}gaj ao }ek h{n}* Gjmkkmkupks} fahfekv hnva pnhfklskh}kv} kdpehvgv aj fasskf}SA kukf{}gaj aj}a }ekvpsgjlcahsm oas v{ffkvvo{ndhv}ksw hjm kukf{}gaj ao }egv h{n} %5.7.80.83.86'* Ajk ikw fehshf}ksgv}gf ao h laamsa{jm$aoo gv h ohv} }{sjaksosad okk} }a ehjmv}hjm }aokk}* Fahfekv vea{nm vpkjmfajvgmkshcnk }gdk ajmkknapgjl }ekgs h}enk}k‗v Sa{jm$aoo aj}a }ek vpsgjlcahsm*Ajk hskh ao gj}kskv} }a fahfekv }eh} ehv skfkgkm vadkh}}kj}gaj hjm gv sknh}km }a }ek koogfgkjfw ao }ek sa{jm$aoo gv}ek vpsgjlcahsm faj}hf}* Pkjg}kj}k h} hn* %300<' oa{jm }eh}}ek hjlnk ao ogsv} gdphf} %|ekj }ek }akv ogsv} }a{fe }ekvpsgjlcahsm' |g}e }ek vpsgjlcahsm gv aj hkshlk hca{} ?0° |g}e }ek okk} phshnnkn hjm hppsaugdh}knw 60fd osad }ek kmlkao }ek vpsgjlcahsm %8.;' %skpas}km ogl{skv shjlkm ck}|kkj;5° hjm ?<°* ]ek camw hjlnk |hv mkogjkm hv }ek hjlnk ck}|kkj }ek easgraj}hn ngjk hjm }ek ngjk phvvgjl }esa{le }ekFAD hjm }ek }akv h} }ek cahsm %Ogl{sk 3''* Pkjg}kj}k h} hn*%300<' v{llkv} }eh} cw gdphf}gjl }ek cahsm h} h lskh}kshjlnk }ek lwdjhv} skm{fkv }ek ma|j|hsm fadpskvvgaj ao }ek vpsgjlcahsm hjm gv }e{v hcnk }a skm{fk navkv gjeasgraj}hn knafg}w ao }ek fkj}sk ao dhvv %FaD' |egnkdhugdgrgjl ks}gfhn knafg}w ao FaD hjm hjl{nhsdadkj}{d aj }hik$aoo %8'* ]ekvk fajfn{vgajv hsk v{ppas}km cw skvkhsfe fajm{f}km cw I|aj. Oas}jkw / Vegj. %8770'* _gmka kuhdgjh}gaj. cw }ek h{}eas. ao egle vfasgjl W{sfekjia h{n}v cw dhnk hjm okdhnk h{n}ksv h} }ek 3003 \asnm Fehdpgajvegpv. 3005 K{sapkhj Fehdpgajv. hjm }ek3005 Ckgbgjl Anwdpgfv hnva vea|km h vgdgnhs hjlnk ao gdphf} %hppsaugdh}knw ?0°' %{jp{cngvekm skv{n}v'* G} gvgdpas}hj} }a pagj} a{} }eh} }egv hjlnk gv mkpkjmkj} aj dhjw  hsghcnkv v{fe hv easgraj}hn knafg}w. ks}gfhn knafg}w oanna|gjl }ek sa{jm$aoo. FaD aj gdphf}. camw pavg}gaj k}f*]a vhw }eh} ?0° gv }ek gmkhn hjlnk ao gdphf} gv ohs }aavgdpngv}gf* Ea|kks. }egv ogl{sk makv v{llkv} }ek gmkhn cahsmgdphf} vea{nm ck gj sknh}gknw {psgle} pavg}gaj. |egfeo{s}eks eglengle}v }ek gdpas}hjfk ao Sa{jm$aoo kukf{}gaj* Hv }ek lwdjhv} gdphf}v }ek cahsm }ek vpsgjlv fadpskvv.m{sgjl |egfe }gdk }ek lwdjhv} faj}gj{kv }a sa}h}k ksw shpgmnw aks }ek }ap ao egv!eks okk}* Hv }ek vpsgjlv skfagn hjm}ek lwdjhv} }es{v}v ao }ek cahsm |g}e egv nklv mkphs}gjlosad }ek cahsm %vpsgjlcahsm }hik$aoo'. }ek camw hjlnk gvskpas}km }a ck fnavk }a 70° %dkhj hn{k osad mh}h |hv 5=°'*Vpsgjlcahsm faj}hf} }gdkv hsk skpas}km }a ck aj hkshlk ck}|kkj 0*8= $ 0.8? vkfajmv. |g}e FaD mgvpnhfkdkj} osadfaj}hf} }a }hik$aoo ckgjl aj hkshlk ?<fd %8'* ]ekvk ogl{skv}kjm }a ck gj v{ppas} ao Pkjg}kj}k h} hn* %300<' hjm kupks}lwdjhv}gfv fahfekv %5.7.80.83.86' ckngko }eh} h egle aj kj}sw aj}a }ek vpsgjlcahsm |g}e h veas} faj}hf} }gdk gvfehshf}ksgv}gf ao koogfgkj} vpsgjlcahsm faj}hf} }a hfegkkap}gdhn psk$ongle} fajmg}gajv. ea|kks dask skvkhsfe gvfnkhsnw jkkmkm }a {jmksv}hjm }ek ap}gdhn vpsgjlcahsmfajmg}gajv oas psk$ongle}*
Psk$Ongle}
]ek gmkhn psk$ongle} igjkdh}gfv hsk fehshf}ksgrkm cw h ksw x{gfi chfi|hsm sa}h}gaj ao }ek lwdjhv}‗v FaD aj}a }ek}hcnk. |g}e }ek FaD sgvgjl %3.6'* Gj asmks }a hfegkk }egv aj}hik$aoo osad }ekvpsgjlcahsm. }eklwdjhv} d{v}oasfko{nnw ckskhfegjl chfi hjm{jmks oas }ek }hcnk |egnk v}gnn gj faj}hf} |g}e }ekvpsgjlcahsm %6.<'*Gj magjl va ek!vek |a{nm eapko{nnw hnglj egv!eks {ppks
 Ogl{sk 3
$ Mghlshd ao ea| }ekcamw hjlnk |hv dkhv{skm hjm mkogjkm cw Pkjg}kj}k h} hn* %300<'*
 
 Ogl{sk 6
$ Camw hngljdkj} aj vpsgjlcahsm }hik$ 

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