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Table Of Contents

Starch and Sugar-Based Ethanol: Corn and Other Crops
2.1 Introduction
2.4 Economics of Corn Ethanol: Production Costs and Break-Even Prices
Comparing feedstock cost shares for different feedstock-conversions
Ethanol cost as a function of corn price
2.5 Sugar-Based Ethanol
U.S. biodiesel plant size, July 2007
Rendered grease and fats
3.2 Biodiesel Production Costs
3.3 Demand for Biodiesel and Market Implications
Agricultural Residues
4.1 Introduction
Demonstration cellulosic plants using agricultural residues as feedstock
4.2 Potential Availability Versus Sustainable Recovery
4.3 Estimating Sustainable Removal Rates for Agricultural Residues
4.4 Production and Procurement Costs
Delivered cost for baled and unprocessed corn stover
Collectible corn stover by collection cost, 2002
Cost estimates for delivering rice straw to a user facility, California
4.5 Energy and Carbon Balances: Life-Cycle Analyses
Forest Biomass
5.1 Introduction
5.2 Logging Residues: Estimates of Recoverability
5.3 Logging Residues: Regional Distribution
Estimated recoverable logging residues by State, 1997
5.4 Logging Residues: Delivery Costs and Supply Economics
5.5 Fuel Treatment Residues: Potential Availability
5.6 Estimating Recoverable Fuel Treatment Residues
Prime target States for fuel reduction treatment, 2004
5.7 Fuel Treatment Residues: Economic and Technical Constraints
5.8 Forest Residue Thinning: Densification Option
Urban Woody Waste and Secondary Mill Residues
6.1 Introduction
6.2 Urban Wood Waste
Primary uses and disposal methods for urban wood wastes
6.3 Secondary Mill Residues
Estimated mill residue and wood waste resources, by State, 2002
6.4 Municipal Solid Waste
Estimated urban tree residue wood waste generation, 1994
6.5 Construction and Demolition Woody Resources
6.6 Urban Wood Residues: Quantities and Prices (Supply Curves)
National wood residue and waste quantities, 1999
Energy Crops: Herbaceous (Grassy) Feedstocks
7.1 Advantages of Herbaceous (Grassy) Crops for Energy
7.2 Switchgrass Biomass Breeding Programs
Switchgrass variety trials: 10-year average yields
7.3 Switchgrass Management Practices
Switchgrass field trials: locations, years and yields
7.4 Switchgrass: Land Suitability and Adoption Factors
7.5 Economics of Switchgrass Production
Estimated establishment costs for switchgrass: Iowa, 2001
Cost of switchgrass under different yield and planting assumptions
Comparison of production costs among several grassy crops, Iowa
Biomass yield for grassy crops and corn in Iowa, 1988-1992 average
Energy Crops: Short-Rotation Woody Crops
8.1 Advantages of Short-Rotation Woody Crops for Energy
8.2 SRWC Management
8.3 SRWC Breeding, Productivity, and Yields
8.4 Economics of SRWC: Production and Delivery Costs
8.5 SRWC Economic Viability and Intermarket Competition
Willow prices under different yield and CRP payment scenarios
8.6 Policy Incentives for SRWC
Monetizing environmental benefits from SRWC plantation in Minnesota
Conclusions
References
A.1 Corn Ethanol Process
A.2 First-Generation Biodiesel
A.3 Biochemical Conversion to Cellulosic Ethanol
A.4 Thermochemical Conversion to Biofuels and Chemicals
A.5 Biomass Feedstock for Biopower
A.6 Biomass for Bioproducts
A.7 Demonstration Plants for Second-Generation Fuels and Feedstock Choices
DOE-supported cellulosic ethanol plants and feedstock choices
Sugar-Cane Ethanol: The Brazilian Experience
B.1 Overview
Brazil sugar cane processing costs, 2002
B.2 Brazilian Sugarcane Industry
B.3 Brazilian Ethanol Industry
C.1 Livestock Manure for Methane
C.2 Methane From Landfills
Estimated quantities of methane from livestock and landfills, 2005
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Biomass Feed Stocks Literature Review

Biomass Feed Stocks Literature Review

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Published by Erik Hoover

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Published by: Erik Hoover on Nov 01, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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04/29/2013

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