inflammation? [give Davidovsky‟s
-It is a complex, local, cyclic, vascular, mesenchymal reaction of theorganismdeveloped during the process of evolution-This is a response to lesion, leading to the elimination of initial causativeagent with regeneration of tissue as the completion phase3.
What is abcess?
(p=5)-It is a focal suppurative inflammation with breakdown of tissue andformation of a cavity enclosed by a pyogenic membrane4.
Name types of exuadative inflammation.
What is empyema?
(p=3)-It is a form of suppurative inflammation of the wall of an anatomicalcavity (e.g. peritoneal cavity) with accumulation pus in the cavity6.
What is phlegmona?
(p=3)-It is a diffuse purulent exudative inflammation of friable connective tissue7.
In postmortem child examination there was found very increasedheart with fluid accumulation in pericardial sac, thick epicardiumcovered with friable gray colour and spongeous form. Name theprocess. Give figurative name of the process of this case. Specifydiseases and conditions when this process is observed.
-Name: Fibrinous pericarditis-Figurative name: Heairy heart-Conditions: Uremia, Rheumatism,Complication of TB, Transmural myocardial infarction, fibrinous lobarpneumonia8.
What do prefixes „peri‟ & „para‟ mean in
terms, designatinginflammations? Give 1 example of each.
-Peri: Inflammation of the serous membrane of an organ (perimetritis)-Para: Inflammation fatty tissue surrounding an organ (paranephritis)9.
Give the definition of exudative inflammation.
-It is a form of inflammation, characterised by the predominance of exudation over alteration and proliferation10.
Give terms of the inflammation of arterial wall and internal,external and idle arterial membranes.
-Arterial wall: arteritis-Internal: endarteritis-Middle: Mesarteritis-External Periarteritis11.
What is pus? Give its composition.
(p=5)-Pus is an inflammatory exudate which contains leukocytes (mostlyneutrophils), parenchymal cell debris, microorganisms and pus bodies12.
Mucous membrane of child‟s larynx is
edematous, hyperemic withremovable gray film. Name of the process. Specify the disease with theprocess observed. What does the process result in?
-Process: Croupous laryngitis-Disease: Diphtheria-Result: Asphyxia13.
Give terms of the inflammation in liver, stomach mucous, in largeintestine and urinary bladder.
-Liver: Hepatitis-Stomach mucous: Gastritis-Large intestines: Colitis-Urinary bladder: Cystitis14.
During postmortem examination you can see: thigh bone with localdestruction of cortical coat, marrow channel filled with green purulentmass with free scraps of the bone. Name process in the bone and thesefree scraps of the bone.
(p=2)-Process: Osteomyelitis-Name of scraps: Sequestra15.
Name the inflammation in mucous membrane of uterus corpus, incellular fatty tissue of the thorax, in middle membrane of the aorta,mucous membrane of nose.
-Endometritis, Mediastinitis, Mesaortitis,rhinitis (respectively)16.
Name forms of acute catarrh in mucous membrane.
What is the term for suppuration process?
Specify biologic etiology of inflammation.
-Viruses-Bacteria-Fungi-Protozoa-Immune complexes-Animal parasites19.
Name purulent inflammation in the tissue of nail couch.
What is the name of internal membrane in the abscess?
Unit 9: Productive Inflammation andImmunopathological Processes
Specify cell taking part in production inflammation.
-Epithelioid cells-Macrophages-Plasma Cells-Fibroblasts-Lymphoid cells-Histiocytes2.
Identify definition of production inflammation.
-It is a type of inflammation characterised by infiltration and proliferationof cells from histiogenous and hematogenous origins; with a predominanceof the process of proliferation over alteration and exudation3.
What granulomas are named specifically?
-Granulomas have special concrete morphologic structure caused by specialtypes of infections agents and often have necrosis in the central part4.
What morphological sign predominates inthe source of productive proliferation?
(p=1)-Proliferation of cells5.
In microscopic examination of the heart, in myocardial stromainflammatory cellular infiltrate are found. They consisted of lymphoidcells, histiocytes, fibroblasts and plasma cells. What diagnosis follows?
-Interstitial productive myocarditis6.
Give names of possible consequences of tuberculous granulomas.
Present manifestation form of productive inflammation.
-Interstitial-With polyp formation-Granuloma-Inflammation around animal parasites8.
What is the nature of autoimmune reaction progress inimmunopathologic processes?
-It is immunity against own tissue(ownantigen), and causes rejection of transplantation and hypersensitivity9.
Which type of immune reaction progress inimmunopathologic process?
(p=2)-Humoral Immunity-Cellular Immunity
Unit 10: Mesenchymal Tumour
Name tumors of skeletal and smoothmuscles.
(p=4)-Skeletal: Rhabdomyoma, rhabdomyosarcoma-Smooth: Leiomyoma, leiomyosarcoma