Jungles are humid, tropic areas with a densegrowth of trees and vegetation. Visibility istypically less than 100 feet, and areas aresparsely populated. Because mounted in-fantry and armor operations are limited in jungle areas, individual and crew-servedweapons fighting position construction anduse receive additional emphasis. While junglevegetation provides excellent concealmentfrom air and ground observation, fields of fireare difficult to establish. Vegetation does notprovide adequate cover from small caliberdirect fire and artillery indirect fire frag-ments, Adequate cover is available, though,if positions are located using the naturalravines and gullies produced by erosion fromthe area’s high annual rainfall.The few natural or locally-procurable mate-rials which are available in jungle areas areusually limited to camouflage use. Positionconstruction materials are transported tothese areas and are required to be weatherand rot resistant. When shelters are con-structed in jungles, primary consideration isgiven to drainage provisions. Because of
high amounts of rainfall and poor soildrainage, positions are built to allow forgood, natural drainage routes. This techniquenot only prevents flooded positions but,because of nuclear fallout washing downfrom trees and vegetation, it also preventspositions from becoming radiation hot spots.Other considerations are high water tables,dense undergrowth, and tree roots, oftenrequiring above-ground level protective con-struction. A structure used in areas wheregroundwater is high, or where there is a low-pressure resistance soil, is the fightingposition platform, depicted below. This plat-form provides a floating base or floor wherewet or low-pressure resistance soil precludesstanding or sitting. The platform is con-structed of small branches or timber layeredover cross-posts, thus distributing the
load over a wider area. As shown in thefollowing two illustrations, satisfactory rainshelters are quickly constructed using easily-procurable materials such as ponchos ornatural materials. Field Manual 90-5 providesdetailed information on jungle operations.