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History and Basic Design of .223 and 5.56 Ammunition.

History and Basic Design of .223 and 5.56 Ammunition.

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Published by: Moseyspeed on Nov 01, 2010
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12/28/2012

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The AR15.com Ammo-Oracle
Everything you ever wanted to know about .223 and 5.56ammunition or double your money back.*
 
Icon Legend:
 
Controversial subject matter.
 
New or updated material.
 
History and Basic Design of .223 and 5.56 Ammunition.
 
Q. What is the history behind the development of the .223/5.56mm round? Q. What is the difference between 5.56×45mm and .223 ammo?
 
Q. Which should I be looking for in an AR15, a 5.56 NATO or .223 Remington chamber?
 
Q. What is the circle-cross stamp on some of my ammo?
 
Q. How can I tell if a round is SAAMI, U.S. military, or 5.56 NATO Mil-Spec?
 
Q. What is FMJ? JSP? JHP? FMJBT?
 
Q. What is "Ballistic Tip" ammo?
 
Q. What types of ammo has the US Military used in its M16s and M4s?
 
Q. What about Mk262 or Mk262 Mod1?
 
Q. What are the dimensional specifications for M855 and M193 casings?
 
Q. What is SS-109? Is it the same as M855?
 
Q. What type of ammo is current issue for US Military forces?
 
Q. Why did the US Military adopt M855 for the M16?
 
Q. So why don't all US military units carry M855?
 
Q. Is all SS-109/M855 ammo marked with green bullet tips?
 
Page 1 of 53The AR15.com Ammo Oracle6/18/2008file://E:\+Desktop\The AR15.com Ammo Oracle.htm
 
 
Performance of .223 and 5.56 Ammunition.
 
Q. I have my rifle zeroed with M855 ammo. Will any 62gr ammo shoot the same?
 
Q. Do M193 and M855 shoot to the same point of impact?
 
Q. Ok, what is all this stuff about rifle twists and different ammo?
 
Q. OK, that's complex. Simple question: Can I fire M193 ammo in my 1:7 or 1:9 twist barrel?
 
Q. Can I fire M855/SS-109 in my 1:12 twist barrel?
 
Q. Will M193 be accurate in a 1:7 or 1:9 twist barrel?
 
Q. What twist rate do I want for my rifle?
 
Q. What about XM193 from Federal and Q3131a from Winchester? I have heard that some of these don't meet military specifications, particularly with respect to sealant on the necks andprimers?
 
Q. Holy earache Batman! This Q3131A/Lake City XM193 is really loud and it launches aFIREBALL from my muzzle! Everyone at the range is looking at me now. What gives?
 
Q. Military ammo has flash retardant, right? Q. What sort of velocity and ballistics should I expect from military ammo?
 
Q. Will Military Ammo wear my favorite National Match/Elite Sniper/$5500 accurized ARrifle out faster?
 
Q. What is Moly? What's it good for?
 
Q. Moly sounds hella-cool. I'm going to use it will all my rounds from now on!
 
Terminal Performance of .223 and 5.56 Ammunition.
 
Q. So which ammo is better, M193 or M855? And what is all this discussion aboutfragmentation? Are these dum-dum bullets?
 
Q. So, velocity is a critical component for the wound profile.How fast must the bullet be traveling when it hits its target in order to fragment reliably?
 
Q. At what range will M193 fragment? How about M855?
 
Q. So do both M193 and M855 fragment the same?How do their wound profiles compare to the FBI requirements?
 
Q. Isn't 7.62 NATO much better for long range penetration than 5.56 anyhow?Why would I want to use 5.56 when I could send 7.62 downrange instead?
 
Q. Didn't tightening the twist rate from 1:14 to 1:12 reduce the wounding potential of M193?Q. If I increase spin or barrel twist, won't that decrease wounding by making a round more
 
Page 2 of 53The AR15.com Ammo Oracle6/18/2008file://E:\+Desktop\The AR15.com Ammo Oracle.htm
 
 
stable in tissue?
 
Q. Does the 2,700 fps rule apply to all .223 and 5.56 ammo?
 
Q. That's really complicated. Simple question: Why is M193 better than M855?
 
Q. But doesn't M855 penetrate hard objects better than M193?
 
Q. I heard that M855 has had serious stopping problems in Afghanistan, and earlier inSomalia. Is this true?
 
Q. Is military ammo the best choice for defensive use?
 
Q. But what about specialty commercial rounds, like TAP, hollowpoints and softpoints?Aren't they better than Mil-Spec ammo for defensive use?
 
Q. Won't JSP and JHP rounds be safer indoors?Don't I have to worry about FMJ rounds going through walls and hurting my family orothers?
 
Q. I'm concerned about roving packs of zombies driving automobiles after the end of the worldas we know it. Since, as everyone knows, you have to make headshots to kill zombies, whatammo should I be using to defeat auto glass and sheet metal?
 
Q. So are heavier rounds dead for self-defense purposes?
 
Q. What about using Wolf in defensive roles?
 
Q. Will M193/M855 penetrate a bulletproof vest?
 
Q. My department is considering using 10" or 11.5" barrels for our ARs. They are so cool, andeveryone knows that all the real go-fast, high-speed, low-drag operators use SBRs. Plus, RobertDeNiro uses one in "Heat." What's the best ammo to use to poke big holes in the bad guys withthese?
 
.223 and 5.56 Ammunition Testing
 
Q. Is Gelatin testing accurate or what?
 
Q. Where can I find reviews of various types of ammo?
 
Q. Why should I test new-production ammo? It should work, shouldn't it?
 
Q. How do I make a professional looking/sounding range/ammo report of some ammo Iliked/hated?
 
Q. What is "B & T Ammo Labs?"
 
Selection of .223 and 5.56 Ammunition.
 
Q. Do I want SS-109 or M855 then?
 
Page 3 of 53The AR15.com Ammo Oracle6/18/2008file://E:\+Desktop\The AR15.com Ammo Oracle.htm

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