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Hair Fall Reasons and Solutions

Hair Fall Reasons and Solutions

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Published by vijay2nov
contemporary knowledge about hair fall and treatment
contemporary knowledge about hair fall and treatment

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Published by: vijay2nov on Nov 02, 2010
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04/21/2011

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Healthy hair, a dermatological perspective
S.Aravinth Vijay Jesuraj, Asso.Professor, Dept. of Pharmacy PracticeS.S.R College of Pharmacy, Mahabubnagar- 509001
In today's hectic lifestyles and pressurized lives, hair loss is a natural outcome evenamong otherwise healthy individuals. Health surveys show that, stress, pollution,loss of sleep and excessive work are some of the common reasons people sufferfrom hair loss. Dermatologists have often cited hormonal problems, child delivery,and side effect of medicines as well as fungal infections as causes for hair loss too.
 Hair growth cycle
Hair goes through a constant cycle of growing (anagen phase) and resting andshedding (telogen phase). Sometimes much of the head will be in the same cycle,so a large amount of hair comes out at once; new hair is growing in at the sametime, but because hair falls out faster than it comes in, thin hair will be the result.Usually within 6-12 months, the hairs will once again be out of cycle, so you willonly lose about 100 hairs a day instead of thousands at a time. Stress, whetherphysical or emotional, can cause the hairs to cycle all at once
Rate of Synthesis of Hair-Keratin
Hair grows at a rate of 15 to 20 cm/yr. All this growth is concentrated at the baseof the hair fiber, where keratin filaments are synthesized inside living epidermalcells and assembled into rope like structures The fundamental structural element of keratin is the
 
helix, which has 3.6 amino acid residues per turn and a rise of 5.4 Åper turn Assuming that the biosynthesis of helical keratin chains is the rate-limitingfactor in the growth of hair, calculate the rate at which peptide bonds of keratinchains must be synthesized (peptide bonds per second Keratan sulfates (Greek
keras,
“horn”) have no
uronic acid and their sulfate content is variable. They arepresent in cornea, cartilage, bone, and a variety of horny structures formed of deadcells: horn, hair, hoofs, nails, and claw
sCommon causes for hair fall
Androgenic alopecia - male pattern baldness,
 
female pattern baldnessAlopecia areata - patchy hair loss, Alopecia totalis
 – 
loss of hair throughout thebody, due to altered immune system or of fungal infection
 
Traction alopecia -
 
the loss of hair due to its continually being pulled by certainhairstyles, such as tight braiding or ponytails, or by the unconscious habit of twisting the hair.
Telogen effluvium - Severe illnesses (usually with high fever) and medications canboth cause temporary loss of hairSome drugs may promote temporary hair loss like birth control pills, otherhormones, anticoagulants, allopurinol, some anti-inflammatory drugs and someblood pressure medications and cancer-therapy drugs
Strong or frequent dyes, permanents and bleaching may cause a temporary loss of hairRarely long-term swimming and hot tub use may cause a temporary loss of hair.
Hair grooming and maintenance
Maintaining the scalp is of more important
 
than that of hair itself. As the scalpforms the base for the follicles to produce new hairs care should be taken inmaintaining it. The oily secretion, which is secreted over the scalp by specializedcells, goes out off balance most of the time. This is in similar fashion to that of thesebum secretion.Dry scalp may result in less secretion which is marked in dry skinned persons. Thisproduces fissures and infection which will affect the anagen phase of the cycle.Abundant secretion results in accumulation of dust and blocks the pores which alsoretard the growth and favor the shedding of hairs. So it is essential in regularshampooing and applying oil or creams to the hair.Hair dyes mostly alkaline innature affects the surface environment and damages the hair.
Essential nutrients for a healthy hair
 
Sulfur is needed for a healthy hair which is rich in fish, cheese, some meatand especially egg yolk
 
The lesser-known B-vitamin inositol, 500 milligrams a day
 
Choline, an adjunct to inositol, in a dose equal to the inositol
 
If the skin is dry and flaky, flax oil, six capsules a day
 
 
Vitamin A acts as an antioxidant which helps in producing and generatinghealthy sebum in the scalp. Apart from supplements, this hair loss vitaminmay be found in food such as meat, milk, fish liver oil, cheese, spinach,broccoli, etc.
 
Vitamin C is another hair loss vitamin which helps maintain the health of your hair. Though, dosage would differ for different people, on an average60 mg. is a normally prescribed. Some food from where we can source thisvitamin is citrus fruits, dark green vegetables, green peppers and potatoes.
 
Vitamin E is the most commonly prescribed and used hair loss vitaminwhich helps in revitalizing the scalp. This hair loss vitamin increases oxygencirculation. Vitamin E also stimulates hair growth by helping in immunefunctions. Some sources of this vitamin are soybeans, cold-pressed vegetableoils, nuts and dried beans and green vegetables.
 
Niacin or Vitamin B3 is a recommended hair loss vitamin too. This is a veryimportant hair loss supplement. It helps in better scalp circulation. Somefood sources for this are fish, chicken, brewer's yeast, wheat germ, etc.
 
Vitamin B5 is especially important for hair growth since it prevents untimelygraying and excessive hair loss too. Some of the food sources for this hairloss vitamin are organ meats and egg yolks, whole grain cereals, brewer'syeast, etc.
 
Vitamin B6 helps in the prevention of hair loss, by creating melanin (formaintaining hair color). Some food sources of this hair loss vitamin are liver,whole grain cereals, vegetables, etc.
 
Selenium, 100-200 micrograms a day
 
 
Iron supplements essential esp. in low haematocrit values
 
 
A full-spectrum digestive enzyme immediately after meals, in case of indigestion
.
Drugs in the treatment of hair loss and restoration*
Minoxidil 2%, 5% solution over the scalp application is found be effective inseveral studies.
 
In a 26 weeks study 12.32 increase in total hair count/cm2relative to baseline was found.1% PTZ shampooing is effective up to increase in total hair count at 5.69count/cmFinasteride 1mg daily prevents androgenic hair fall and promotes restoration.

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