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ipv6

ipv6

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Published by Daya Ram Budhathoki

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Published by: Daya Ram Budhathoki on Nov 02, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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02/08/2011

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IPV6:
 
 
IPV6 Addressing:Address Representation:
Represented by breaking 128 bit into Eight 16-bit segments (Each 4 Hex character each)Each segment is written in Hexadecimal separated by colons.Hex digit are not case sensitive.Rule 1:
Drop leading zeros:
2001:0050:0000:0235:0ab4:3456:456b:e5602001:050:0:235:ab4:3456:456b:e560
Rule2:
Successive fields of zeros can be represented as
“::”
, But double colon appear only once in the address.FF01:0:0:0:0:0:0:1FF01::1
Note
 An address parser identifies the number of missing zeros by separating the two parts and entering 0until the 128 bits are complete. If two “::” notations are placed in the address, there is no way toidentify the size of each block of zeros.
 
IPV6 address Types:Unicast Address:
identifies a single devices. Two types1.Link-local unicast address:2.Global Unicast address3.Unique/Site local
Link-local unicast address:
Scope is configured to single link. The address is unique only on this link, and it isnot routable off the link.
Auto-generated regardless of DHCP
Address are assigned automatically as soon as an Ipv6 hosts come online.
Similar to the 169.254.X.X address on ipv4.
Always begin with
FE80
(First 10 bits 1111 1110 10) followed by 54 bits of zero.
Last 64 bits is the 48 bits MAC address with FFFE squeezed in the middle.
Global Unicast Address:
Defined by global unicast routing prefix, a subnet ID and an interface ID.N BitsGobal Routing Prefix64 – N bitsSubnet ID64 bitsInterface ID
Global Routing Prefix is 48 bit or less
The current global unicast address assignment by the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) uses therange of addresses that start with binary value
001 (2000::/3)
 which is one-eighth of the total IPv6 address space and is the largest block of assigned block addresses.
Addresses with a prefix 2000::/3 (001) through E000::/3 (111) with the exception of FF00::/8 (Multicast) are

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