Feeding & Operation Assembly
is a tube of metal with spiral cutchannels on the inside. The high point of these channels are called lands the lowpoints are called grooves. This set of landsand groves are called rifling inside a barrel.
The barrel stabilizes the fired bullet beforeit leaves the rifle by imparting a spin on itas the bullet passes down the barrel.
have a tiny hole drilledthrough them near the muzzle. (Theforward tip of the barrel.) This hole vents abit of the gas produced by the combustionof the gunpowder into the Gas Cylinder soas to operate the semiautomaticmechanism of the rifle.
The barrel on an M1 also has an integral'chamber' machined into it which holds thecartridge before it is fired.
and its internal parts are responsible for stripping a round from the clip, chambering it,indenting the cartridge's primer, extracting the spentshell casing from the chamber, and ejecting thecasing from the weapon.
itself is the large metal housing shownbelow which does most of the work and is subjectedto most of the stress during operation and firing.The
supports and allows pivoting of thefollower arm and helps to guide the follower rod. Italso helps to define the area the cartridges arestored in.The
is used to push the slide andfollower assembly toward the top of the M1 Rifle inorder to push cartridges into place for feeding.The
gets its 'power' from the follower rod which is driven by the operating rod spring.The
Follower Arm Pin
holds the Operating RodCatch and Follower Arm in place and allows them topivot.